Notes on readings


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NOTES ON READINGS: PICASSO TO POLLOCK. Change in the cubist “movement”: from hermetic cubism -> shift towards everyday city life themes (“everyday life whose iconography was that of the café table”) Also new mediums: “pictorial possibilities of papiers collés ”, fresher outlook, use of newspapers, food, drink labels, sheet music Robert Rosenblum [Wikipedia: ( 1927 - 2006 ) American art historian and curator known for his influential and often irreverent scholarship on European and American art of the mid- eighteenth to twentieth century)]: 1. Picasso made direct and repeated use of the subject matter of fragments of collaged material in his papiers collés 2. Picasso hugely enjoying discovery of potential for verbal and visual puns (comparable to Joyce’s writing style in Rosenblum’s opinion) 3. Through such works established “Cubism’s connection with the imagery of the modern world (through acknowledging/being sensitive to plethora of words and advertising images in commonplace urban environment)” & “first full scale absorption into high art of the typographical environment of the 20 th century” Cottington, however, criticizes Rosenblum for subjectivism and for “severing Picasso’s collages from any social context” and points out that “high art” is a social construct reflecting social practices. Semiological approach of collages by F.Will-Levaillant & R.Krauss (collages as expression of Picasso’s sensibility), still view of “autonomy of Picasso’s art practice” Contextual issues-> P. Leighten’s article: examines relevance of “political events and ideologies to Picasso’s art practice” (political reading) 1. Picasso’s affiliations and allegiances w/ anarcho-symbolist movement (his commitment to antimilitarism) 2. Non-coincidental preponderance of Balkan War dispatches, selected, cut and positioned with a concern for their specific subject matter Question of Picasso’s “social and cultural milieu”-> “what kind of contextualization is being offered?” ->-> brings forth the issue of how Cubism captured the then contemporary zeitgeist, therefore… Article’s goal =effect of “intellectual currents of the time on Picasso’s experimentation w/ collage”, “reading of his 1912-13 work” (taking into consideration Leighten’s political perspective), and “nature of “relative autonomy” of Cubism in general” Political climate in France : Antonio Gramsci: “nationalism is the popular religion of modern societies”
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climate of nationalism before World War I: Moroccan crisis of 1905 [Wikipedia: The First Moroccan Crisis (also known as the Tangier Crisis) refers to the international crisis over the colonial status of Morocco between March 1905 and May 1906 . The First Moroccan crisis grew out of the imperial rivalries of the great powers, in this case, between Germany on one side and France , with British support, on the other] “With certain significant exceptions, patriotic fever dominated, from the end of 1911,
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