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5-1 Discussion: Are Experiments the Gold Standard in Research?There are benefits and advantages in every form of research. The experimental research isthe most appropriate way for drawing fundamental assumptions regarding interventions or treatments. Also, establishing whether one or more factors causes a change in the outcome. This is due to the emphasis in controlling unnecessary variables. If other variables are controlled, the researcher can conclude that manipulation independent variable caused a changed in the dependent variable. It is a basic and efficient type of research that can be applied across different disciplines. This research design is repeatable, and the results can be checked and verified. Also, better results are achieved by using the controlled environment of experimental research.In laboratory research, conditions not found in a natural setting can be recreated in an experimental setting which allows for greater control of unnecessary variables. Conditions that take longer to happen in a natural environment may now happen more quickly in an experimental setting. There are many variations of experimental research which the researcher can modify for the experiment while still maintaining the validity of the original design. The cons to these studies are that experimental research can create artificial situations that do not always represent real-life situations. This is because all other variables are tightly controlled which may not create a fully realistic situation. The situations are very controlled and do not often represent real life, the reactions of the test subjects may not be true indicators of their behaviors in a non-experimental environment. Human error also plays a key role in the validity of the research. Sometimes it may not be possible to control all variables. The health, mood, and life experiences of the test subjects can (and sometimes will) influence their reactions and those variables may not even be known to the researcher. The research must keep to ethical