Week3 Form in Arab

Week3 Form in Arab - LISTENING TO MUSIC Music and Sound...

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Unformatted text preview: LISTENING TO MUSIC Music and Sound: Listening for Musical Form in Arab Music What is music? Definition of music (p. 4) Definitions are culture specific Inuit (Canadian Central Arctic), Chukchi (Eastern Siberia), and Ainu (Northern Japan) Music and Islam EXAMPLE: Call to Prayer (Adhan), Smithsonian Global Sounds Texture? Melody? God is most Great (4x) I testify that there is no god but God (2x) I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God (2x) Come unto the Prayer! (2x) Come unto prosperity! (2x) God is most Great (2x) There is no god but God. Duration and rhythm Iqa (iqa-at) Pulse Rhythmic patterns Meter http://www.ethnomusic.ucla.edu/courses Hearing form in music 4. 5. 6. 7. Definition (p. 38) Distinct sections of a musical performance: strophic form and refrain (p. 38) How to listen for form in music: repeated listening listen for repetitions of the melody and text listen for new melodic or musical material label repeated and new sections Musical form in Arab music Sama‘i: 4-part instrumental overture Sections: khanah (pl. khanat) and taslim (refrain) “Sama’i Bayyati,” LG 18 (CD 1/18), p. 41 Form: A (khanah 1), B (taslim), C (khanah 2), B (taslim), D (khanah 3), B (taslim), E (khana 4), B (taslim) “Ruba ‘iyyat al-Khayyam” (“Quatrains of al-Khayyam”) Qasidah: Egyptian, Middle Eastern genre Omar al-Khayyam (d. ca. 1120) Quatrains: poetic form consisting of four-line verses Composer: Riyad Sinbati; composed the piece ca. 1949-1950 Vocalist: Umm Kulthum (1896-1975) “Ruba ‘iyyat al-Khayyam” [Taslim] [Taslim] 1. I heard a calling voice at dawn Call from beyond to human remains Get out and fill up your cups of Joy before you fill the cup of life with fate 3. Tomorrow is vague and today is mine And the future could be disappointing I am not ignorant to see The beauty of my world without transcending [Taslim] 2. Don’t worry about the past And future before it is there Enjoy of the thrill of the present Because tempers of nights may not lead to safety [Taslim] 4. The love of beauty, exhausted my heart And what is not revealed, congested the chest My God will that thirst satisfy you? As water of love is flowing purely in front of me Summary of Week 3 Listening to and writing about musical sound Maqam: Arab pitch/mode system Iqa: Arab rhythmic/metric system Arab instruments: ud, qanun, nay, tablah, darbukkah, dumbak Arab musical forms and sections: sama’i, qasidah, taslim Umm Kulthum (1896-1975) Umm Kulthūm: A Voice Like Egypt (VC-481) Significance to Egypt and the Middle East (review) Vocal training (review) Women, music, and public places (review) Music and politics (colonialism, nationalism) Music and modernization Tarab (ecstasy) ...
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