DSoc 101 Final Outlines

DSoc 101 Final Outlines - Essay#1 Reducing Social...

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Essay #1 Reducing Social Inequality Class inequality info (according to P/w)- Class Inequality= a structured system of unequal rewards that provides enormous advantages to  a small percentage of people in the U.S. at the expense of the overwhelming majority. P/W’s double diamond diagram of class structure has 80% of the workers at the bottom – new working class- which  cannot move into the privileged class (20%0 because of the bottleneck effect Reasons for class inequality Increasing social stratification   The privileged class can easily transform their capital into power o Politics- wealth of privileged class control government to develop “law and public policies that legitimize  dominance and institutionalize class inequalities” (Perrucci and Wysong, 75). o Economically by running major companies, Politically through lobbying, Socially through the media o Society is determined by the interests of the ruling class- privileged oppose working class (stay privileged  because working class must sell their labor to survive, therefore 80% of pop is subservient to the privileged  20%) because working class doesn’t have access to capital which relies on the wealth distribution which is stratified  according to structural constraints (not much economic mobility in our culture) o Skill capital remains constant because they don’t have access to the same education Workers that are not organized (nonunion) or w/ low levels of skill are most vulnerable o Social capital remains constant because they don’t form the relationships that the privileged have always had. A “class linked resource” o Consumption capital stays constant because they don’t have access to the better jobs that skill and social  capital create For example, over last 30 years there has been an increase in the proportion of families w/ upper  levels of income and a decrease in families w/ middle level income o Investment capital remains low because they don’t have the resources to invest their money “They have a common bond, which is high income, job security, and wealth, and they will rig the rules  of the game in order to preserve and extend their privilege” Class secession o The privileged class has separated themselves from the rest of society Gated communities, Country clubs, Elite institutions Middle class is disappearing and working class is becoming more vulnerable o Busy working; cant have a strong lobbying/political influence, no equal opportunity to acquire skill or social  capital o They are forced to sell their labor at the prices decided by others to survive and must conform to an economic 
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This note was uploaded on 12/14/2007 for the course D SOC 101 taught by Professor Hirschl,t. during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.

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DSoc 101 Final Outlines - Essay#1 Reducing Social...

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