Chapter1_solutions.docx - Chapter 1 An Overview of Computers and Programming TRUE\/FALSE 1 Software can be classified into two broad types application

Chapter1_solutions.docx - Chapter 1 An Overview of...

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Chapter 1: An Overview of Computers and ProgrammingTRUE/FALSE1.Software can be classified into two broad types: application software and programming software.PTS:1REF:22.Every programming language has rules governing its word usage and punctuation.PTS:1REF:33.Besides the popular, comprehensive programming languages such as Java and C++, manyprogrammers use scripting languages such as Python, Lua, Perl, and PHP.PTS:1REF:44.Professional computer programmers write programs to satisfy their own needs.PTS:1REF:85.The heart of the programming process lies in planning the program’s logic.PTS:1REF:96.Once a program is completely coded, it is ready for a company or organization to use.PTS:1REF:137.A flowchart is an English-like representation of the logical steps necessary to solve aproblem.PTS:1REF:148.An infinite loop is a flow of program logic that repeats and never ends.PTS:1REF:189.Alan Turing is often regarded as the first programmer.PTS:1REF:2610.Programmers can use either procedural programming or object-oriented programming to develop programs.PTS:1REF:26MULTIPLE CHOICE1.____ data items may involve organizing or sorting them, checking them for accuracy, or performing calculations with them.
PTS:1REF:22.____ errors are relatively easy to locate and correct because the compiler or interpreter you use highlights every error.PTS:1REF:33.If you use an otherwise correct word that does not make sense in the current context, programmers say you have committed a ____ error.a.syntaxc.semanticb.logicd.programmingANS:BPTS:1REF:54.A(n) ___ is a named memory location whose value can vary.PTS:1REF:65.Computer programmers often refer to memory addresses using ____ notation.PTS:1REF:76.Before a programmer plans the logic of the program, he or she must ____.PTS:1REF:87.After a programmer plans the logic of a program, the next step is ____.a.understanding the problemc.translating the programb.testing the programd.coding the programANS:DPTS:1REF:108.The process of walking through a program’s logic on paper before you actually write the program is called ____.
PTS:1REF:109.Typically, a programmer develops a program’s logic, writes the code, and ____ the program, receiving a list of syntax errors.PTS:1REF:1110.The process of finding and correcting program errors is called ____.

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