Biomolecules Notes- PPT videos (1).ppt - Organic Compounds_are Macromolecule large molecules made up of smaller organic molecules s Macromolecules are

Biomolecules Notes- PPT videos (1).ppt - Organic...

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Organic Compounds
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_______________are large molecules made up of smaller organic molecules. Macromolecules are formed by a process called __________________ in which large compounds are built by joining smaller ones together. The smaller units called _________are joined together to form larger molecules called ________. In dehydration synthesis, water is produced or released. Polymers can be disassembled (a large molecule can split or be broken down into smaller molecules by adding water molecules) through a process called __________. Macromolecule s Dehydration Synthesis Monomers polymer s hydrolysis
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The four most abundant elements in living things are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. The most abundant compound in most living things is _______(H 2 0). _________compounds are primarily those that do not carbon. _________ compounds do contain carbon. Most living things are made of four kinds of macromolecules (organic compounds) known as ____________, _______, _____, and ___________. I. Carbohydrates : (CHO) A. Are compounds made up of ______, _________ and _ _______ _ atoms. B. Are used as the main source of ________ by living things. C. Include ______, _______, ________, and _________ D. _______________ (single sugar molecules) includes _________ (a sugar found in plants), _________ (milk sugar) and _______ (found in many fruits). Most names of sugars end in ____. ________(C 6 H 12 0 6 ) the simple sugar that supplies immediate energy for all cell activities. water Inorganic Organic carbohydratesproteins lipids nucleic acids carbon hydroge n oxyge n energ y sugars starche s cellulose Monosaccharid es glucos e galactos e fructose ose Glucos e Chitin
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E. ________________ (double sugars formed from two monosaccharides) includes ________ (table sugar), _________(malt or grain sugar used in beer) and __________ (milk sugar). Examples: Sucrose = glucose + fructose Maltose = glucose + glucose Lactose = glucose + galactose F. ______________ (“many sugars” are large molecules formed from 3 or more monosaccharides) include________, _______ , and _________. *Many animals convert excess sugar into __ __ , which store energy in their muscles and liver. *Plants store energy in the form of __________ . Potatoes, rice, pasta, corn, and wheat contain starch. ___________ does not store food for the plant, but gives cells structural support (strength and rigidity). It is also known as dietary fiber. Most animals have bacteria in the digestive tract that break down the cellulose in plants. Disaccharides sucros e maltose lactos e Polysaccharide s glycoge n starch cellulos e glycoge n starch cellulos e
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*__________Form the cell wall of fungi and the exoskeleton of insects, crabs, lobster, and other arthropods.
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