FIL 2001 - Intro to Film.docx - The History of Cinema...

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The History of Cinema 1895-Present Lumiere brothers pioneer projection Cinematograph= Camera projector Workers leaving the Lumiere Factory at Lyons= First film Grand Café Paris first “theater” Sklandanowsky= first commercial presentation, Germany, 1895 R.W. Paul- famous cameras Projection in US Edison Company sold Vitascope, projector May 1895 First projection in world, Boxing match April 23 rd 1896 First Edison projection for paying audience George Milies “Hugo” Father of sci fi First to write screenplays and use editing for special effects “A trip to the moon” 1902 Star Film Company 1896-1913 Edwin S Porter “The great Train Robbery” 1903 most pop film in America until 1912 End shot was Bandit with a gun 1895-1908 Movies changed to short films DW Griffin Playwright who tried to make transition into movies 1908 Biograph Studio needed to increase production, Griffith became director Invented cross cut First filmmaker to fill space and make backdrops look 3d Revolutionized directing-demanded underacting, casting, stylized movements, rehearsed w actors, ensemble casts. 1913 wanted longer films, more than one reel “Birth of a nation” (1914) cost $110,000 took 6 weeks to rehearse, 9 weeks to shoot, 13 reels of film Follow up, “Intolerance” (1916) cost 1.9 mil, 14 reels, 4 intertwined stories
o inspired German and Soviet filmmakers Cecil B. Demille Actor/Director/Producer Directed “The Squaw Man,”1918 Hollywood first full length Western Directed 80+ films Golden Globes Cecil b. Demille award for contributions to cinema Oscar Micheaux One of the first African-American filmmakers Wrote, directed, edited 30+ Started independent studio In Manhattan Created “race movie” 1930s for blacks “The exile” 1931, first African-American film with sound Alice Guy Blanche First woman to make film 1896 “The cabbage fairy” Directed 400 films French, moved to US Founded Solax, her own film company in US Movie Theatres 1902 First permanent theatre in US June 1905 Pittsburgh- First nickelodeon, plush theatre with a piano, 5 cents admission 1908, nickelodeons drew 80 mill admissions per week o population of US was ~100 mill Early studios Paramount- ruled silent era Metro-Goldwyn-Myer 1920s German Expressionism Emphasized mise-en-scene and psychology First film “Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” 1920 Robert Weine Backgrounds in canvas painted, strange shapes and curves and such (Tim burton followed) Dark films- either fantastic and mystical or realistic and psychological Talkies “The Jazz Singer” 1927 Used Synchronized sound to tell story, first “The singing fool” 1928 Top grossing until Snow white
Sound catapulted Disney into power Color films Technicolor began colored film strips in 1920s, perfected by 1933 1 st 2 strip Technicolor was “The toll of the sea” 3 strip “Becky Shark”

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