Medical Terminology.docx - Medical Terminology CHAPTER 1 Word parts-algia pain suffering dys bad difficult or painful-ectomy surgical removal cutting

Medical Terminology.docx - Medical Terminology CHAPTER 1...

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Medical Terminology CHAPTER 1 Word parts -algia pain, suffering dys- bad, difficult, or painful -ectomy surgical removal, cutting out hyper- excessive, increased hypo- deficient, decreased -itis inflammation -osis abnormal condition, disease -ostomy the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface -otomy cutting, surgical incision -plasty surgical repair -rrhage bleeding, abnormal excessive fluid discharge -rrhaphy surgical suturing -rrhea flow, discharge -rrhexis rupture -sclerosis abnormal hardening Guidelines to Unusual Plural Forms If the singular term ends in the suffix -a , the plural is usually formed by changing the ending to - ae . If the singular term ends in the suffix - ex or - ix , the plural is usually formed by changing these endings to - ices . If the singular term ends in the suffix - is , the plural is usually formed by changing the ending to - es . If the singular term ends in the suffix - itis , the plural is usually formed by changing the -is ending to - ides . If the singular term ends in the suffix - nx , the plural is usually formed by changing the -xending to - ges . If the singular term ends in the suffix - on , the plural is usually formed by changing the ending to - a . If the singular term ends in the suffix - um , the plural usually is formed by changing the ending to - a . If the singular term ends in the suffix - us , the plural is usually formed by changing the ending to - i . Basic Medical Terms to Describe Disease Conditions Sign : objective evidence of disease. Objective means the sign can be evaluated or measured by patient or others Ex: fever Symptom: is subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache. Subjective means that it can be evaluated or measured only by a patient Syndrome: is a set of signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process Diagnosis: identification of a disease. To diagnose is the process of reaching a diagnosis Differential diagnosis: also known as a rule out, is an attempt to determine which one of several possible diseases is causing the signs and symptoms that are present Prognosis: is a prediction of the probably course and outcome of a disease Acute: condition has a rapid Chronic: long duration, such Remission: is the temporary,
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onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration diseases can be controlled but rarely cured partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure Disease: a disease is a condition in which one or more body parts are not functioning normally. Eponym: is a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first Acronym: is a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term Look-Alike/Sound-Alike Words and Word Parts -arteri/o means artery -end means within -ather/o means plaque or fatty substance -al means pertaining to -arthr/o means joint col means colon -ectomy means surgical removal -oma means tumor -ostomy means the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface -otomy
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