Ideologies of Communism final.docx

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Running head: IDEOLOGIES OF COMMUNISM Ideologies of Communism: Joseph Stalin vs. Mao Zedong Name Course College Date 1
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IDEOLOGIES OF COMMUNISM Ideologies of Communism: Joseph Stalin vs. Mao Zedong Introduction The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China under the leadership of Josef Stalin and Mao Zedong adopted the philosophy of communism as their forms of government. Previously, communism has had varied definitions, but one of the most significant descriptions is; "Communism is the doctrine of the conditions of the liberation of the proletariat" and "the proletariat is that class in society which draws its means of livelihood wholly and solely from the sale of its labor and not from the profit from any kind of capital; whose weal and woe, whose life and death, whose whole existence depends on the demand for labor, hence, on the alternations of good times and bad in business, on the vagaries of unbridled competition. The proletariat, or class of proletarians, is, in a word, the working class of the nineteenth century" (Engels, 1847). Communism can, therefore, be described as a political or economic system, the philosophy or social ideology that is centered on shared rights and the lack of social classes. It is a school of thought that attempts to ensure that every person is equal and benefits from the means of production in an equal way, therefore, eliminating the concept of the poor working class and the wealthy upper class. The expression ‘communism’ was embraced in 1777 by the French philosopher Victor d'Hupay. The primary purpose of this essay is to identify the different ways in which Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong implemented communism in their respective countries. Ideologies of Communism Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong 2
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IDEOLOGIES OF COMMUNISM Joseph Stalin was the absolute leader of the Soviet Union from 1924 until the time of his death in 1953. He was born on 8 December 1878 as Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili before subsequently altering his name to Stalin which means "man of steel." He hailed from a poor village and lived his life as a frail child. His father was a cobbler while his mother was a staunch Orthodox Christian who wanted him to be a priest. Stalin thrived in school, and he attended the Tiflis Theological Seminary in 1894 after acquiring a scholarship to the school. One year after joining the seminary, he came across a secret group that was intent on ensuring that Georgia gets its independence from Russia. The group was known as Messame Dassy where he was introduced to the literature of Vladimir Lenin and Karl Marx. He joined the assembly in 1898. This was very important as it formed the basis of his belief in communism. He left school in 1899 despite being an excellent student. The reason for leaving school is not indicated well. He opted to remain in Tiflis and worked at the Tiflis Observatory as a clerk. He then joined the Social Democratic Labor Party and thus dedicated most of his time to the revolutionary movement. He was responsible for organizing many labor strikes and was arrested for his roles
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