AMERICAN EDUCATION AIDS GRE - ANALYTICAL WRITING ABILITY MODEL ESSAYS ON ARGUMENTS (1 to 90)
GRE - ANALYTICAL WRITING ABILITY ANALYSIS OF ARGUMENTS MODEL ESSAYS 1 - 90 An essay analyzing an ‘Argument’ is easier to compose than one analyzing an ‘Issue’. This is because, in the case of an ‘Argument’, you have some concrete statements in front of you to analyze, and do not have to start from scratch. An ‘argument’ passage will consist of some facts , some research findings or some opinions of experts followed by some conclusions or recommendations by the author of the argument . You must recognize each of these and must differentiate among them. You should write a critique of only the last , namely the ‘conclusions or recommendations’. You should not try to question the correctness or accuracy of the first three . In narrating each ‘Argument’, the question setters have deliberately incorporated two or three logical flaws in it. Their intention is to test whether you are capable of spotting these flaws and commenting on them logically. An analysis of the pool of 242 Arguments for GRE, released by Educational Testing Service, reveals that the types of logical flaws that are repeatedly encountered are JUST 14 in number. It is these 14 flaws which are incorporated in different contexts in different Argument topics. The types of these 14 logical flaws are: 1. Concluding that because Action A caused Result X a few years ago , a similar action A now will cause a similar result X. While analyzing an argument containing this flaw, you should point out that the relevant circumstances might have changed significantly in the last few years, and that the same action may not produce the same result now . In the context of the given narration, you should enumerate some of the possible ways in which the circumstances might have changed in the intervening years . 2. Comparing the achievement record of Company A in a particular year (say, 1995) with a better achievement record of Company B in some other year (say, 2001), and concluding that Company B is therefore more efficiently run than Company A. While analyzing such an argument, you could point out that the year 1995 was perhaps bad for all companies, and that Company B, if it had existed then, might have fared equally badly, or even worse, than Company A in that year. You should also point out that, if the achievement record of Company A for 2001 is available, it may perhaps be seen that Company A had done even better than Company B in 2001, and is therefore the more efficient of the two. You could also state that these two companies may be in two totally different types of industries and are not comparable at all on the basis of any single common parameter. You may give instances of difference in the nature of these two companies.
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