MGNT 803 Assessment 4.docx - MGNT 803 Organizational...

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MGNT 803 Organizational Behavior and Management Report Title: Power, Decision making and Politics in Organizations Name: Arsalan Malik Student Id: 5991857 Date: 15-04-18 Arsalan Malik ID: 5991857 1
Arsalan Malik ID: 5991857 2
1. Introduction Power is source of channel that individuals use to influence others, control resources or for one’s personal motives. The paper briefly provides a critical analysis of the two articles written by Anderson and Berdahl (2002) and Anderson and Brion (2014). The report also builds and evaluates on the importance of power, its dynamics and its influential factors on individuals. Moreover, this research paper by Anderson and Galinsky (2006) focuses on sense of power, how power leads to optimism and thus risk taking. Lastly, report by Inesi (2010) analyzes the impact of power on future gains of value and its link with loss aversion. 2. Power The following section outlines brief evaluation of papers on the term Power proposed for this report. A brief summary conclude the evaluation of the four article to complete the format of the report. 2.1 Power Gain, Power Maintenance and Power Loss Anderson and Brion (2014) study examined how individuals gain power, maintain power and lose power. Anderson and Brion (2014, p.67) define power as “asymmetric control over valued resources”. Though, power has remained the highlight topic for social sciences however, empirical research shifted their focus towards psychological factors that contribute to power factors in twentieth century (Anderson & Brion, 2014). For instance, power and status are correlated, as such powerful people normally are idolized & venerated thus they are given more autonomous positions (Anderson & Brion, 2014). According to Anderson and Brion (2014) there are certain factors that contribute to attaining power such as competency, demographics factors, individual characteristics, traits, dominance and need for power and authority. Furthermore, these factors are vital for individuals to attain power over resources. Likewise, competence is valued resource and thus it leads to obtaining power. Moreover, having a strong position in social network will grant power which in turn provides people access to information and authority over others. Individual traits such as dominance help attain power as such they are directly linked with leadership abilities (Anderson & Brion, 2014). Arsalan Malik ID: 5991857 3
Anderson and Brion (2014) suggests the significance of power and its benefits lets individuals maintain power. Similarly, power offers a various factors to individuals such as cognitive ability, behavioural factors that boost the esteem, and goal orientated (Anderson & Brion, 2014). Though, power is a diverse factor however, it is an inert force that is an unchangeable one. Anderson and Brion (2014) outlines the factors that future research should adhere in addressing power such as culture, sex and organizational complexity. In addition, each of the factor places an impact on power gain, maintenance and losing power (Anderson & Brion, 2014).

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