Power is source of channel that individuals use to influence others, control resources or for one’s
personal motives. The paper briefly provides a critical analysis of the two articles written by
Anderson and Berdahl (2002) and Anderson and Brion (2014). The report also builds and
evaluates on the importance of power, its dynamics and its influential factors on individuals.
Moreover, this research paper by Anderson and Galinsky (2006) focuses on sense of power, how
power leads to optimism and thus risk taking. Lastly, report by Inesi (2010) analyzes the impact
of power on future gains of value and its link with loss aversion.
The following section outlines brief evaluation of papers on the term Power proposed for this
report. A brief summary conclude the evaluation of the four article to complete the format of the
2.1 Power Gain, Power Maintenance and Power Loss
Anderson and Brion (2014) study examined how individuals gain power, maintain power and
lose power. Anderson and Brion (2014, p.67) define power as “asymmetric control over valued
resources”. Though, power has remained the highlight topic for social sciences however,
empirical research shifted their focus towards psychological factors that contribute to power
factors in twentieth century (Anderson & Brion, 2014). For instance, power and status are
correlated, as such powerful people normally are idolized & venerated thus they are given more
autonomous positions (Anderson & Brion, 2014).
According to Anderson and Brion (2014) there are certain factors that contribute to attaining
power such as competency, demographics factors, individual characteristics, traits, dominance
and need for power and authority. Furthermore, these factors are vital for individuals to attain
power over resources. Likewise, competence is valued resource and thus it leads to obtaining
power. Moreover, having a strong position in social network will grant power which in turn
provides people access to information and authority over others.
Individual traits such as
dominance help attain power as such they are directly linked with leadership abilities (Anderson
& Brion, 2014).