Foner3_LectureCH15.ppt - Chapter 15\"What Is Freedom Reconstruction 18651877 The Meaning of Freedom Blacks and the Meaning of Freedom Negative Freedom vs

Foner3_LectureCH15.ppt - Chapter 15"What Is Freedom...

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Chapter 15 "What Is Freedom?": Reconstruction, 1865–1877
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The Meaning of Freedom Blacks and the Meaning of Freedom Negative Freedom vs Positive Freedom Land Ownership Civil Rights Freedom Contested/Contradictory
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The Meaning of Freedom Families in Freedom Sought loved ones separated by sales and purchase Wives, children, parents Strengthen familial bonds Recognize marriages Pensions by Black soldiers sought- economic security Adoption of existing American family structure Men place in the workplace Women and children at home Poverty Church and School Independent churches Baptist and Methodist Churches grew rapidly in the Post War period Central to black life, providing educational, social and political spaces Improvement through education Sought the ability to read religious and political literature First Black Colleges founded
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Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company Winslow Homer’s 1876 painting
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The Meaning of Freedom Political Freedom The Right to vote. Free association in Public sphere. Organizing political groups and candidates. Celebration of 4 th of July. Land, Labor, and Freedom Ownership. Economic life. Meaning of Freedom – Open ended process of liberation vs. Birthright.
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Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company Map 15.1 The Barrow Plantation
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The Meaning of Freedom Masters without Slaves Many Plantation owners had to work land themselves for the first time in their lives. Sought to preserve the political and social dominance of plantation society, in spite of the absence of slaves. Preserve Hierarchy and mastery The Free Labor Vision Imposition of free wage labor in the South. Expectation that freed Blacks would become wage workers and landowners. Agrarian vs Industrial Society.
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Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company The Great Labor Question from a Southern Point of View
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The Meaning of Freedom The Freedmen’s Bureau Established by Congress March 1865 Free labor system Establish schools, give aid to poor and elderly, solve disputes Ensure equal treatment under law for both former slaves and White Unionists The Failure of Land Reform Believed that sound race relations rested on fair wages Freed people wanted land, not wage work US troops forcibly evicted black who had been given land by Union forces Rural former slaves stayed poor and property-less Forced into menial and unskilled labor
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Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company The Freedmen’s Bureau, an engraving from Harper’s Weekly
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The Meaning of Freedom Toward a New South Task system survived in South Carolina and Georgia.
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  • Fall '18
  • Joseph De Leon
  • Reconstruction, American History, American Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant, Reconstruction era of the United States, W.W. Norton, Norton & Company

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