PSY71 - Psychological Tests

PSY71 - Psychological Tests - Psychological Tests and...

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1 Psychological Tests and Assessment = Any measurement tool that has: • Standard stimuli • Standard administration • Standard scoring • Normative data (a representative sample against which interpretations are made) • Used for measuring and evaluating personality traits, emotional states, aptitudes, interests, abilities, intelligence and values. Psychological Testing Objective Tests Also called Inventories Have more reliability and validity Major classes: Intelligence (IQ) Personality Psychopathology Neuropsych. Projective Tests Designed to tap unconscious feelings or motives and indiivdual personality organization Less obvious what is being measured Shows how patient perceives, organizes and responds to ambiguous emotional stimuli Projective Tests (mainly for personality assessment)\ 1. Association Techniques The Rorschach Test The Word Association Test 2. Completion Techniques Sentence Completion Tests Rosenzweig Picture Frustration Study 3. Construction Techniques The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Picture Projective Test (PPT) 4. Expression Techniques The Draw-a-person Test The House-tree-person Test
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2 The Rorschach Projective Test •Consists of 10 inkblots. • Lack of norms and standardized procedures. The Thematic Apperception Test (6-10 cards) Client forms story (beginning, middle & end) based on ambiguous, emotional pictures. “Tell me how the people think and feel.” Objective Tests Inventories • The Beck Depression Scale Inventory • The Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale • The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) • The Myers-Briggs Personality Scale
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3 Objective Assessment Tools Must have: Reliability • Consistency of test scores • The extent to which performance is not affected by measurement error Validity • The extent to which a test actually measures what it is supposed to measure Types of Reliability Interrater reliability •Agreement between two raters •Kappa coefficient Test-Retest • Correlation of two tests taken on separate occasions by the same individual • Limits: Practice effects, recall of former responses
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PSY71 - Psychological Tests - Psychological Tests and...

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