PSY71 - Psychotherapy Approaches

PSY71 - Psychotherapy Approaches - Introduction to...

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1 Introduction to Psychotherapy Approaches and Assessment: BROAD PRINCIPLES Psy 71 Three Broad Approaches NOTE: a lot of mixing and matching and actually a continuum of approaches • Supportive and Educational • Behavioral therapy (BT) and Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT) • Psychodynamic approaches Supportive Psychotherapy • Part of any approach with a patient (not just patients with psychological problems!) • Involves establishment of ‘doctor-patient relationship’ with basic principles of trust and confidentiality • Involves education about the problem or disorder • Involves identifying (and mobilizing) all existing ‘informal’ support (friends, family, school etc) • Involves giving information about societies and other organizations
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2 Supportive Psychotherapy A more extended supportive approach involves: • Listening • Trust and continuity • Validation • Empathy and understanding • Clarification • Some suggestions and sometimes some formulation • Note: this requires practice, skill and can be very helpful for many people. BT and CBT What they have in common NOTE contrast to psychodynamic approaches • Time-limited courses of treatment (although the principles are meant to be applied by the patient throughout life) • About the current symptoms, thoughts and behaviors in the ‘here and now’ • About understanding the triggers and maintaining factors for these thoughts and behaviors again in the ‘here and now’ (not so
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PSY71 - Psychotherapy Approaches - Introduction to...

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