HIUS 221 Class Notes 3.docx - Class 18 Immigrants Settlers and Natives Immigration Americas life blood-Continually climbing in the 1820s and

HIUS 221 Class Notes 3.docx - Class 18 Immigrants Settlers...

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10/31/2017 Class 18 Immigrants, Settlers, and Natives Immigration, America’s life blood -Continually climbing in the 1820’s and 1830’s -Fueled by economic depression in Europe -14-16% of the population annually 1895-1860 -Immigrants were often the driving force of labor and elections during this period -Irish (largest) -1.6 million -Germans (2 nd largest) -1.2 million -British -1/2 million Time before TV, computers, and Internet -Pop culture -Cards and billiards -Boxing, cock fighting, and dog fights -Shows and tunes -Toys (dolls and balls) -Festivals and religious observance -Reading literature -The bottle and temperance (moderation) Science and Discovery -Photography -Telegraph -Rubber vulcanized (on wagons, power grids, etc.) -Railways -Steam engine Industrial Revolution is Occurring -Underpaid workers -Worse jobs given to children -Pollution is a major issue 10/31/2017 Class 19 One Party Politics American Patriotism and Revolution -Latin American Revolutions
-Mexico (1808-1821) -Federal Republic of Central America (1818-1823) -Gran Columbia (1810-1820); Simon Bolivar great Latin “president” -Argentina (1810-1818) - “Era of Good Feelings” -James Monroe and the Virginia dynasty -Rise of nationalism -Missouri Compromise (1820) Opposing Views of America -Henry Clay (Senator at 28), John C. Calhoun, and the Young South -Of Missouri Compromise Jefferson said: “like a fireball in the night awakened and filled me with terror. I consider it at once as the knell of the union.” (317) -John Marshall and the Supreme Court -Attempted to curb states rights -Promoted the federal government, US Bank and Capitalist interests 11/02/2017 Monroe Doctrine (1823)- James Monroe -The Americas (North and South) were off limits to European colonization -No European governmental systems shall be established here -Existing colonies were excluded (Canada) as were all European affairs and wars -US would protect the Americas by force -Only worked because Britain backed the US The Corrupt Bargain -1824 election -Four candidates (all democratic-republicans) -Andrew Jackson wins, but with less than half of the vote -John Quincy Adams (2 nd ), William Crawford (3 rd ), Henry Clay (4 th ) -Henry Clay gives John Quincy Adams his votes -Adams makes him his secretary of state -Jackson decries this as a “corrupt bargain” -John Quincy Adams as president but with strong opposition -Uncompromising spirit of Adams -burns bridges, takes everything to heart
Class 20 Andrew Jackson, American Hero or Villain? Jackson in a Nutshell -Son of protestant Scotch-Irish immigrants -Seriously injured by the British at 13 in the American Revolution -Became a lawyer and moved to Tennessee in 1796 -Frontiersmen and settler activist -Plantation known as the hermitage Jacksonian Democracy -Eliminate corruption and represent “every man” -Lower taxes and reduce government spending -Pay off the federal debt -Indian Removal -Trails of tears -Use of federal force if necessary -More voters, more problems (infliction, BUS, masonry, tariff wards with South Carolina, Peggy Eaton, States and Federal Rights) Van Buren vs. Calhoun -Northern industrial vs. Southern plantation economy -Abolition vs. slavery

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