PSY71 - Mini Mental State Examination

PSY71 - Mini Mental State Examination - The Mini-Mental...

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The Mini-Mental State Examination The mini-mental state examination, which is also known as the MMSE, standardized MMSE, SMMSE, or the Folstein, is a brief examination consisting of eleven questions intended to evaluate an adult patient's level of cognitive functioning. It was introduced in 1975 and designed for use with elderly patients who are able to cooperate at an optimum level with an examiner for only a brief period of time—no more than a few minutes. Purpose The MMSE concentrates on the cognitive aspects of mental functioning, excluding questions about the patient's mood or such abnormal experiences as dissociation. It is used most often to evaluate older adults for delirium or dementia . The MMSE can be used to detect a decline in cognitive function; to follow the course of the patient's illness, and to monitor responses to treatment. Recently, it has been professionally approved as a measurement of a patient's ability to complete an advance directive, or so- called living will. The test has also been used in research as a screener in epidemiological studies for disorders that affect cognition, and to monitor changes in subjects'cognition during clinical trials. In 2001 the MMSE was recommended by a special panel of experts for use as a screener in evaluating cognitive function in depressed patients. It has also been used recently to measure the effects of acupuncture in improving mood and some cognitive skills in patients with Alzheimer's. The MMSE evaluates six areas of cognitive function: orientation, attention, immediate recall, short-term
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PSY71 - Mini Mental State Examination - The Mini-Mental...

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