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NURS 6521: Advanced PharmacologyMAIN POSTHuman Immunodeficiency Virus The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) destroys and infects CD4 cells. “Therefore, HIV surprises the immune response against itself and secondarily creates a generalized immune deficiency by suppressing the development of immune responses against other pathogens and opportunistic microorganisms” (Rote, 2017, p. 194). Over the past years, the prevalence of HIV has increased. Many researchers have argued that the increase in treatment options have attributed to the increase in the prevalence of HIV. However, an increase in Americans being tested for HIV due to free testing centers or HIV testing covered by medical insurance may have also contributed to the amplified diagnosis of HIV. According to Wagner, Wu, and Sood (2014), the promotion of “free HIV testing will result in an additional 466,153 people being tested for HIV and 2,598 new diagnoses of HIV by 2017” (p. 378). In fact, the rise in HIV diagnosis may push the need for advances in HIV medications.