Austin PeayState UniversityCRJ 3440: Crime PreventionChapter Five: Neighborhood Crime PreventionLearning Objectives for Chapter:1.Demonstrate your knowledge of neighborhood watch and the types ofactivities found in neighborhood watch programs2.Define Community Anti-Drug programs and their impact3.Discuss citizen patrols and their crime prevention capabilities4.Talk about the impact of neighborhood crime prevention on crime andfear5.Provide an overview of the impact of neighborhood crime preventionon crime and fear6.Discuss the Kirkholt Burglary Prevention program and its impact7.Explain the Safer Cities program and its impact8.List problems and issues that hamper the evaluation of neighborhoodcrime prevention programs9.Talk about who participates in neighborhood crime prevention10.Provide reasons for the divergent findings on who participatesin crime prevention11.Discuss research findings on domains of crime prevention12.Outline the five problematic assumptions underlyingneighborhood watchLecture NotesWe early on defined crime prevention as any action designed to reduceactual levels of crime and/or the perceived fear of crime.In the previouschapter we examined the physical environment of crime and how changesto that environment can impact crime and fear of crime. We noted that oneof the common themes for all the devices mentioned was the need for
citizen participation and involvement.The study of such involvement is thetopic for this chapter.The Study of InvolvementLab opens this chapter with a discussion of the “failure” of physical orenvironmental design to always reduce actual crime or the fear of crime.To me, at least, this is not a failure but an unrealistic expectation of thedesign devices.As stated in the last lecture notes, physical devices cancreate a false sense of security, resulting in people not becoming involvedpersonally.People are not motivated to take action or do something.Butin our reading about physical design we also saw that a common theme ofsuccessful crime prevention efforts included social cohesion, a communalspirit.That same caveat can be applied to neighborhood crime prevention.The bottom line, then, is that there is no singular panacea as crimeprevention requires a combination of efforts.This requirement of multiple efforts is graphically displayed in Figure 5.1,reproduced here and taken from page 84 of the text.
Analysis of Conceptual FrameworkIn the column labeled “Strategies” we see the variations and the need forboth devices and participation. The need for these multiple efforts is seenas the intervening factors.Another factor I have noted is that of criminalmotivation.A determined thief can and will overcome physical devices.