chem 165 Chapter-11

chem 165 Chapter-11 - Organic Chemistry Chapter 11 Common...

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Common Elements in Organic Compounds Organic Chemistry Chapter 11
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11.1 Classification of Hydrocarbons
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11.2 Alkanes Alkanes have the general formula C n H 2 n +2 where n = 1,2,3,… only single covalent bonds saturated hydrocarbons because they contain the maximum number of hydrogen atoms that can bond with the number of carbon atoms in the molecule CH 4 C 2 H 6 C 3 H 8 methane ethane propane
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11.2 Structural isomers are molecules that have the same molecular formula but different structures
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11.2 Alkane Nomenclature
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11.2
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11.2 Alkane Reactions CH 4 ( g ) + 2O 2 ( g ) CO 2 ( g ) + 2H 2 O ( l ) H 0 = -890.4 kJ Free Radical (recall from chapter -9) Halogenation CH 4 ( g ) + Cl 2 ( g ) CH 3 Cl ( g ) + HCl ( g ) light Cl 2 + energy Cl + Cl Cl + C H H H H C H H H + HCl C H H H + Cl Cl C Cl H H H + Cl
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11.2 Cycloalkanes Alkanes whose carbon atoms are joined in rings are called cycloalkanes. They have the general formula C n H 2 n where n = 3,4,…
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11.2 Alkenes Alkenes have the general formula C n H 2 n where n = 2,3,…
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