Term Sheet Chapter 11 & 12.pdf - Chapter 11 The Later...

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Chapter 11 - The Later Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the 14th Century Plagues 1. Bubonic Plague - a. Disease spread through fleas on rats b. Wiped out of the population c. People fled, set up quarantines 2. Pneumonic Plague - Infection in the lungs a. Most deadly form of the plague Types of people 1. Condottieri - a. Leaders of bands of mercenary soldiers in Renaissance Italy who sold their soldiers to the highest bidder 2. Flagellants - a. Men and women wandered from town to town whipping themselves to win the forgiveness of God Why are these people influential? Political/Gov. Henry V of England - King of England from 1413 until his early death in 1422. He was the second English monarch of the House of Lancaster Charles VII - called the Victorious or the Well-Served, was King of France from 1422 to his death in 1461, the fifth from the House of Valois. In the midst of the Hundred Years' War, Charles VII inherited the throne of France under desperate circumstances. Artists Giotto - Italian, father of early renaissance, chiaroscuro (shading to develop depth), fresco Traini - Italian painter, frescos, most famous “ Trionfo della Morte ” The Triumph of Death Philosophers
Meister Eckhart - Well educated dominican theologian, taught mysticism, popular preacher William of Occam - used reason to analyze the observable phenomena of the world, important impact on development of science War Heros Wat Tyler & John Ball - Peasant revolt leaders, tax sent out, killed tax collectors, marched to london destroyed documents Joan of Arc - French, 19 year old peasant girl, accompanied an army in Orleans, burned at the stake, Authors Dante - The Divine Comedy , developed Italian vernacular (specific use of Tuscan- Florence dialect) Christine de Pizan - vernacular writer, wrote about women from a woman’s perspective - joan of arc Chaucer - Canterbury Tales, developed English vernacular Boccaccio - Decameron Religious Gerard Groote and Common Life - Modern Devotion (mysticism), emphasized inner piety, attracted a group of followers called the Brothers of a common life, imitate Christ and serve others, germany Catherine of Siena - Female mystic, gave up solid food, lived off cold water and herbs, Eucharist-bread-body of christ Scholars Petrarch - father of Italian Renaissance humanism, wrote The Ascent of Mont Ventoux, lived in france for a hot second, themes of postplague values
Marsiglio of Padua - Wrote Defender of Peace, The church should only be present in spiritual matters, the pope should not have sole control but the general church council should represent the people War Time Revolts Jacquerie - a popular revolt by peasants that took place in northern France in the early

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