Final Exam Review.docx - Final Review Final Breakdown 46 questions covering material from first 4 exams 54 questions covering the new material o 24 on

Final Exam Review.docx - Final Review Final Breakdown 46...

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Final Review Final Breakdown 46 questions covering material from first 4 exams 54 questions covering the new material o 24 on GI infections o 4 on 3 rd lecture of Respriatory Infections o 21 on STDs o 5 on Occupational Safety o 9 Case studies New material will be more specifically covered. Study new material as you studied the other organ systems. Respiratory Infections: 3 rd Lecture Know diseases and the infectious agents that cause them Virulence factors: if intracellular, antigenic shifts of H and N, associated with AIDS patients Characteristic Signs/Symptoms: bloody sputum, night sweats, high fevers, asphyxia Communicable vs noncommunicable Diagnosis: Acid-fast bacilli, fungus or protozoan Treatment: know vaccines BCG for TB, Influenza vaccine Epidemiology: how organism is transmitted GI Disease Emphasis Know diseases and the infectious agents that cause them Virulence factors: low infective dose or if toxin is produced, specific name of toxin if there is one, certain tissue predilection, whether produces septicemia Characteristic Signs/symptoms: parotitis with mumps, rice-water stools with cholera, blood and mucus with Shigella dysenteriae and Entamoeba histolytica , # of hours before onset of signs/symptoms Association with dietary ingredients: dental caries and sucrose Characteristics of Hepatitis Virus: o HAV: naked ss (+) RNA virus o HBV: enveloped circular dsDNA virus with ssDNA gaps and intermediate RNA stage o HCV: enveloped ss (+) RNA virus What protozoans are mentioned, what class is each protozoan in, and signs/symptoms associated with each? o Giardia lamblia : flagellate, very smelly loose fatty stools with excessive flatulence, weight loss o Entamoeba histolytica : amoeba, dysentery o Cryptosporidium parvum : sporozoan, self-limiting diarrhea in healthy people but life- threatening diarrhea in immunocompromised people What helminths were mentioned and what signs/symptoms are associated with these infestations? o Enterobius vermicularis : perianal itching, irritability, sleeplessness o Ascaris lumbricoides : blockage and migration o Necator americanus : iron deficiency anemia o Taenia solium : maybe weight loss Associated with eating particular food? ( Taenia solium : pork) GI Infections: Intoxications vs. Taxico-infections vs. Infections Toxico-Infections o Campylobacter jejuni o Clostridium perfringenes o Shigellosis (bacillary dysentery) o Cholera o ETEC, EHEC, EIEC o Pseudomembranous colitis Intoxications 1
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Final Review o Staphylococcus aureus o Clostridium botulinum o Clostridium perfringens Infections o Typhoid fever (enteric fever) o Salmonellosis Bacterial vs. Viral GI Diseases Bacterial o Dental caries o Gingivitis o Periodontal disease o Salmonellosis o Typhoid (enteric) fever o Bacillary dysentery (shigellosis) o Campylobacter jejuni o Peptic ulcers o Cholera Viral o Mumps o Hepatitis A, B, C infection o Rotavirus infection Urinary Tract Infections and STDs Emphasis
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