Notes for Test 1 - Divine Myth: stories in which...

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Divine Myth: stories in which supernatural beings are the main actors (explains why things are the way they are) Legend: stories of the great deeds of human heroes or heroines Folktale: stories whose actors are ordinary people or animals Etiological Tale: creation myth that explains the causes that brought the world into existence Folktale Types: specific noticeable types of stories (example: Cinderella Types) Folktale Motifs: elements that make up folktale types Boeotia: a plain in which the principal settlement in ancient times was the city of Thebes Attica: a plain which had Athens as its capital Peloponnesus: small peninsula which contains several cultivable plains Argolis: a plain which in the Bronze Age had Mycenae and Tiryns as principal settlements Laconia: a plain that had the town of Sparta Euboea: island where limestone was found Aegean Sea: sea that played a central role in the life of the ancient Greeks; one of their greatest resources Cyclades: placed in a rough circle around the tiny central island of Delos, sacred to Apollo and Artemis Indo-Europeans: people that are later called the Greeks whose original homeland apparently was in central Asia Achaeans: another name for the Mycenaean Greeks; a word Homer uses to describe the men who attacked Troy Linear B: a Greek nonalphabetic script Dorians: Greek-speaking people from northwest Greece; equated with the Sons of Heracles in Greek legend Ionia: central region in Asia Minor whose center was Miletus Polis: Greek word for politically independent city-states Peloponnesian War: 27 year war fought between Athens and Sparta; Greece never recovered Pederasty: “love for boys”; men in their twenties would admire and court prepubescent boys through gifts and poetry Hoplites: groups of heavily armed men that were used in war; with as many as 16 ranks Perthenos: Greek word for virgin Miasma: Greek word for pollution (blood and other fluids that attend childbirth) Narcissus: youth of tremendous good looks; died reaching for himself in a reflection in a spring Potnia Theron: Greek words meaning “lady of the beasts”
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Mesopotamia: the land between the rivers, which occupies the region of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq Sumerians: lived close to the Persian Gulf in the treeless and toneless mudlands near the estulary
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Notes for Test 1 - Divine Myth: stories in which...

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