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Type 2 Diabetes in the UK paper - 1 Diabetes is defined as...

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1 Diabetes is defined as a syndrome characterized by disordered metabolism and inappropriately high blood sugar resulting from either low levels of the hormone insulin or from abnormal resistance to insulin’s effects coupled with inadequate levels of insulin secretion to compensate. This syndrome has become an increasingly alarming issue in the world today. In the year 2000 the World Health Organization (WHO) put the number of people living in the world with diabetes around 171 million. The United Kingdom is no different. The WHO estimated that there were 1.8 million people with diabetes in the UK in 2000. Today the estimates have increased immensely. A recent survey put the number somewhere around 2.3 million, 92% of which have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is defined as a metabolic disorder that is primarily characterized by insulin resistance, relative insulin deficiency, and hyperglycemia and is known to be obesity related. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented in an estimated two-thirds of the people that develop it. This would drop that number down a staggering 70%. . In order for the UK to slow the spread of type 2 diabetes the government and the citizens would have to work together through funding and supporting research, changing the availability and choices of healthy food, and supporting the growth of organic agriculture As most developed countries around the world these days, the UK has made diabetes research a priority. Today they are currently working on a number of approaches to the global problem that is diabetes. In labs all over the country they are researching ways to prevent diabetes and also ways to reduce the devastating complications of the disease with notable success. Through engineering they are conducting research to find easier ways for people to live with and fight the disease. Insulin patches and even inhaled insulin are in the works. Genetic engineers are finding ways to manipulate cells so they secrete insulin.(2) And even a sensor-computer-pump system is being created as an “artificial pancreas” to mimic the insulin response of the normal pancreas. Probably the most prevalent research is being done to find a cure for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Researchers in Edinburgh and Glasgow are now planning a family impact study. They would like to recruit 300 high-risk families to take part in this study. Families will have local dieticians visit them in their homes to give them nutritional advice. They will also give them advice on physical activity. Researchers hope to reduce the number of cases of type 2 diabetes by 50%. They think that studying high-risk families they can find strategies to apply more widely. Scientists can only do so much of in this area though. They cannot work without the money to do so. They are in desperate need of both government and private backing. The government can help immensely with the funding for diabetes research by increasing the number and amount of federal research
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2 grants given out to scientists that have prevalent research for diabetes.
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