Great Musicians Exam 1 Study Guide

Great Musicians Exam 1 Study Guide - Great Musicians Exam 1...

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Great Musicians Exam 1 Study Guide Term List: Medieval Period : (450-1450) Fifth through fifteenth centuries, basically from the decline of the  Roman Empire to the invention of the printing press Extant- in existence Manuscript- piece of music - The earliest extant manuscript of music date from the ninth century. (Sacred) Sacred- anything intended to serve as part of worship Secular- everything else (including art for entertainment only) Gregorian Chant- Latin, sacred, rhythmically free, church modes, monophonic, a cappella Divine Office- one of the 2 primary worship services of the Roman Catholic Church Mass- the other of 2 primary worship services of the Roman Catholic Church (Proper and  Ordinary) Church Modes- the scales that were most often played in the church setting *Also in the 12 th  Century -Earliest manuscripts of secular music -Earliest manuscripts of instrumental music -Earliest manuscripts of polyphonic music Troubadour- medieval poet-musician in southern France Courtier- a learned person that was higher in statute and was seen at the royal court Chanson- French secular polyphonic music Cantus Firmus- originally a pre-existing chant melody (therefore, sacred) that is recycled into a  new composition; i.e. the chant melody that serves as the basis for a new musical creation
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Notre Dame School- (12 th -14 th  Century) an important group that created polyphonic music in  Paris, France and worked around the Notre Dame Cathedral Hildegard von Bingen- (12 th  Century) very well educated and powerful woman; visionary, mystic,  and prolific writer of poetry, prose, and music; wrote Alleluia, O virga mediatrix (part of the  proper in a mass or divine office) Perotin- (13 th  Century) one of two composers that we know about today who were in the Notre  Dame School; wrote Alleluia Nativitas Guillaume da Machaut- (14 th  Century) cleric and courtier, poet and musician; widely known as  the greatest musician of his time Renaissance Period : (1450-1600) Humanism- study of the human world; dominant intellectual movement Moveable type printing press- (c. 1450) marks the beginning of the Renaissance Period Lutheran Reformation- (early 16 th  Century) movement led by Martin Luther to change church  practices Counter-Reformation-(late 16 th  Century) response by the Catholic Church that reformed the  Church practices in the spirit of “true” Christian piety Council of Trent- (1545-1563) issued a general recommendation in favor of a pure vocal style  that would respect the integrity of the sacred texts Word Painting- music that is composed in such a manner that the sound of the music reflects  the meaning of the text
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course MUSIC 014 taught by Professor Cain during the Fall '08 term at University of Iowa.

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Great Musicians Exam 1 Study Guide - Great Musicians Exam 1...

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