Great Musicians Exam 2 Study Guide

Great Musicians - Great Musicians Exam 2 Study Guide Term List Classical Period(1750-1820 Vienna Austria capital of the Holy Roman Empire and

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Great Musicians Exam 2 Study Guide Term List: Classical Period (1750-1820) Vienna, Austria: capital of the Holy Roman Empire and imperial seat of the Hapsburg Dynasty;  one of the most important musical-cultural centers in Europe (Franz Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang  Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig Van Beethoven) Joseph Haydn: (1732-1809) very popular musician/composer back in the day and now; traveled to  London; worked for the Esterhazy’s Esterhazy Family: the most wealthy and powerful of the Hungarian royal families Patron/Patronage: a wealthy family that employs a person for a particular job (musician) basically  a servant with better benefits Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: (1756-1791) child prodigy; had trouble holding a job; very prolific  composer Invention of the piano c. 1700 Violin: soprano, or highest-ranged member of the bowed-string instrument family Viola: bowed-string instrument of middle range; the second-highest member of the violin family Cello: bowed-string instrument with a middle-to-low range and dark, rich sonority; lower than a  viola Contrabass: largest and lowest-pitched member of the bowed string family Chamber Music: ensemble music for up to about ten players, with one player to a part Diatonic Harmony: built from the seven tones of a major or minor scale; a diatonic scale  encompasses patterns of seven whole tones and semitones Key: defines the relationship of tones with a common center or tonic Major Key/Scale: scale consisting of seven different tones that comprise a specific pattern of  whole and half steps; it differs from a minor scale primarily in that its third degree is raised a half  step
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Minor Key/Scale: scale consisting of seven different tones that comprise a specific pattern of  whole and half steps; it differs from the major scale primarily in that its third degree is lowered a  half step Tonic: the first note of the scale or key Dominant: the fifth scale step Modulation: the process of changing from one key to another Staccato: short and detached Legato: smooth and connected Lyrical: very melodic Binary Form: two part (A – B) form with each section normally repeated Ternary Form: three-part (A – B – A) form based on a statement (A), contrast or departure (B),  and repetition (A) Sonata Form: the opening movement of the multimovement cycle, consisting of themes that are  stated in the first section (exposition), developed in the second section (development), and  restated in the third section (recapitulation) Exposition: opening section; the first section in which the major thematic material is stated Development: structural reshaping of thematic material; second section
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course MUSIC 014 taught by Professor Cain during the Fall '08 term at University of Iowa.

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Great Musicians - Great Musicians Exam 2 Study Guide Term List Classical Period(1750-1820 Vienna Austria capital of the Holy Roman Empire and

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