Great Musicians Exam 3 Study Guide

Great Musicians Exam 3 Study Guide - Great Musicians Exam 3...

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Unformatted text preview: Great Musicians Exam 3 Study Guide Term List: Impressionism: a French movement developed by visual artists who favored vague, blurry images intended to capture an “impression” of the subject. Impressionism in music is characterized by exotic scales, unresolved dissonances, parallel chords, rich orchestral tone color, and free rhythm Stephane Mallarme : wrote the poem Afternoon of a Faun Symbolist Poetry: literary response to impressionism in which writings are suggestive of images and ideas rather than literally descriptive; often focused more on the pleasant sound of the words in combination than on their literal meaning; a rapturous celebration of language as sound Claude Debussy (1862-1918): most important French composer of the early twentieth century; wrote the Prelude to Afternoon of a Faun Tone/Symphonic Poem: one-movement orchestral form that develops a poetic idea, suggests a scene, or creates a mood, generally associated with the Romantic era Pentatonic Scale: five-note pattern used in some African, Far Eastern, and Native American music; can also be found in Western music as an example of exoticism Whole-Tone Scale: scale pattern built entirely of whole-step intervals, common in the music of the French Impressionists Microtonal Music: music that incorporates microtones which are musical intervals smaller than a semitone, prevalent in some non-Western music and in some twentieth-century art music Avant Garde: freestyle-World War I (1914-1918)-World War II (1939-1945) - Composers that fled their home country during WWII; Shoenberg, Stravinsky, and Bartok Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971): Russian composer, who became famous in Paris just before WWI; later became an American citizen; wrote The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring Exoticism: musical style in which rhythms, melodies, or instruments evoke the color and atmosphere of far-off lands Primitivism: artistic style and movement that imitated presumably “primitive” art in an attempt to approach the expression of less refined and therefore more genuine feelings; the heavily rhythmic content of The Rite of Spring- as well as the subject matter, costumes of the performers, etc. Rite of Spring: Russian Ballet, first performance was in Paris, 1913 Polyrhythm: the simultaneous use of several rhythmic patterns or meters, common in twentieth- century music and in certain African music Polychord: a single chord comprised of several chords, common in twentieth-century music Polytonal: the simultaneous use of two or more keys, common in twentieth-century music Dissonance/Consonance: combination of tones that sounds discordant and unstable, in need of...
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course MUSIC 014 taught by Professor Cain during the Fall '08 term at University of Iowa.

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Great Musicians Exam 3 Study Guide - Great Musicians Exam 3...

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