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Unformatted text preview: TEST BANK > CONTROL PANEL > POOL MANAGER > POOL CANVAS Pool Canvas Add, modify, and remove questions. Select a question type from the Add Question drop-down list and click Go to add questions. Use Creation Settings to establish which default options, such as feedback and images, are available for question creation. Add Calculated Formula Creation Settings Name Chapter 4: Anatomy of the Nervous System Description Instructions Modify Add Question Here Question 1 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Neurons that directly convey messages to muscles and glands are part of the central nervous system. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 2 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question If you fell asleep on a sunny beach lying on your stomach, then your dorsal side would likely be sunburned. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 3 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The elbow is more distal to the shoulder than the hand. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 4 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Cell bodies of motor neurons are located outside of the spinal cord. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 5 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question A tract in the spinal cord would most likely be found in the white matter. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 6 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The parasympathetic nervous system activates the "fight or flight" response. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 7 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems generally have opposing actions on the major internal organs. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 8 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Ganglia in the Parasympathetic system are arranged in a chain near the spinal cord. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 9 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Parasympathetic neurons use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 10 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The hindbrain consists of the medulla, the pons, and the cerebellum. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 11 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Damage to the medulla is frequently fatal. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 12 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Some cranial nerves include both sensory and motor components. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 13 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Cranial Nerve II is called the Optic Nerve. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 14 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The function of the cerebellum is limited to balance and coordination. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 15 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Substantia nigra gives rise to the dopamine-containing pathway that facilitates readiness for movement. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 16 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The limbic system is important for motivation and emotional behaviors. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 17 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Although relatively small, the hypothalamus is very important for a large range of motivated behaviors. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 18 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Deterioration of the Basal Ganglia may lead to Parkinson’s disease. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 19 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The choroid plexus reabsorbs the cerebrospinal fluid. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 20 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Cerebrospinal fluid provides the major cushion for the brain. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 21 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Hydrocephalus is caused by inflammation of the meninges. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 22 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Damage to the right hemisphere of the cortex would most likely cause loss of sensory or motor control on the left side of the body. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 23 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The Human Cerebral cortex contains up to eight distinct layers of cell bodies. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 24 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Damage to the striate cortex of the right hemisphere causes blindness in the left visual field. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 25 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The parietal lobe lies between the occipital lobe and the central sulcus. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 26 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The prefrontal cortex is important for working memory. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 27 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Many cells in association areas of the brain respond to more than one sensory modality. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 28 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The “binding problem”, refers to the question of how various brain regions produce a single perception of a single object. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 29 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question The primary function of the cerebral cortex appears to be elaboration of sensory material. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 30 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Bumps and depressions in the skull are closely related to how well developed the underlying brain areas are. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 31 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Electroencephalography records neural signals generated by the activity of populations of neurons. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 32 True/False 0 points Modify Remove Question Humans have a higher brain-to-body ratio than all other species. Answer True False Add Question Here Question 33 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question What are the two parts of the central nervous system? Answer autonomic nervous system and somatic nervous system cerebrum and cerebellum sympathetic division and parasympathetic division brain and spinal cord Add Question Here Question 34 Multiple Choice 0 points Question The central nervous system is composed of: Answer the brain and spinal cord. all the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord. Modify Remove the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. the somatic and autonomic nervous systems. Add Question Here Question 35 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which division of the nervous system is composed of the autonomic and somatic nervous systems? Answer central parasympathetic peripheral sympathetic Add Question Here Question 36 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Together, the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system make up the ____ nervous system. Answer peripheral central sympathetic dorsal Add Question Here Question 37 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which division of the nervous system consists of neurons bringing messages from the senses to the central nervous system? Answer autonomic sympathetic somatic parasympathetic Add Question Here Question 38 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The Somatic division of the nervous system carries signals from the ______ to the ______. Answer senses; central nervous system organs; autonomic nervous system organs; sympathetic nervous system senses; peripheral nervous system Add Question Here Question 39 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Nerves from the central nervous system convey information to the muscles and glands by way of the: Answer autonomic nervous system. somatic nervous system. sympathetic nervous system. parasympathetic nervous system. Add Question Here Question 40 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question When someone tickles you, the tickling sensation will be carried by neurons that are part of the ____ nervous system. Answer central parasympathetic somatic autonomic Add Question Here Question 41 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question An axon in your hand causes contraction of a muscle fiber in your finger as you write. This neuron belongs to which branch of the nervous system? Answer central somatic sympathetic parasympathetic Add Question Here Question 42 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which division of the nervous system consists of neurons that control the heart, intestines, and other organs? Answer internal afferent somatic autonomic Add Question Here Question 43 Multiple Choice 0 points Question Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from the front? Answer coronal sagittal horizontal Modify Remove transverse Add Question Here Question 44 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from above? Answer coronal sagittal horizontal commuter Add Question Here Question 45 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which plane shows brain structures as they would be seen from the side? Answer coronal sagittal horizontal commuter Add Question Here Question 46 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which of the following means "toward the side, away from the midline"? Answer lateral medial proximal ventral Add Question Here Question 47 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which of the following means "toward the back"? Answer dorsal medial proximal ventral Add Question Here Question 48 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question In anatomy, the opposite of medial is: Answer lateral. dorsal. ventral. rostral. Add Question Here Question 49 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question If one structure is on the left side of the body and another is on the right, they are said to be ____ to each other. Answer medial lateral ipsilateral contralateral Add Question Here Question 50 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question What is the name given to a cluster of neurons inside the CNS? Answer lamina column nucleus ganglion Add Question Here Question 51 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question What is the name given to a cluster of neurons outside the CNS? Answer lamina column tract ganglion Add Question Here Question 52 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The basal ganglia are a related cluster of cell bodies in the central nervous system. Technically, the basal ganglia should have been name the basal: Answer tract. lamina. gyrus. nuclei. Add Question Here Question 53 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The spinal cord communicates with: Answer sense organs and muscles below the level of the head. all sense organs and muscles in the human body. dorsal root ganglia only. ventral root ganglia only. Add Question Here Question 54 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The cell bodies of sensory neurons that are in clusters of neurons outside the spinal cord are called? Answer sensory nuclei sensory clusters ventral root ganglia dorsal root ganglia Add Question Here Question 55 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question According to the Bell-Magendie law: Answer ventral roots of the spinal cord carry sensory information. dorsal roots of the spinal cord carry motor information. ventral and dorsal roots both carry sensory and motor information. ventral roots carry motor information while dorsal roots carry sensory information. Add Question Here Question 56 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question After damage to the dorsal roots of the spinal cord, an individual will suffer what kind of loss? Answer sensation from the affected body area control of the peripheral muscles in the affected body area control of organs in the affected body area control of the muscles on the opposite side of the body Add Question Here Question 57 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question After damage to the ventral roots of the spinal cord, an individual will suffer what kind of loss? Answer sensation from the affected body area control of the peripheral muscles in the affected body area control of organs in the affected body area control of the muscles on the opposite side of the body Add Question Here Question 58 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question If the ipsilateral dorsal and ventral roots were cut, which of the following would be true? Answer Sensation would be lost on one side, and motor control on the other. Sensation would be lost on both sides. Motor control would be lost on both sides. Sensation and motor control would be lost on one side. Add Question Here Question 59 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Cell bodies of sensory neurons are located in the: Answer spinal cord. dorsal root ganglia. white matter. ventral roots. Add Question Here Question 60 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Suppose a virus damaged only the dorsal roots of the spinal cord, but not the ventral roots. What would happen to the sensory and motor abilities of the affected area? Answer loss of sensation, but preserved motor control sensation and motor control would both be lost loss of motor control, but preserved sensation sensation and motor control would be unaffected Add Question Here Question 61 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Axons of motor neurons would most likely be found in which of the following? Answer gray matter white matter dorsal roots tracts Add Question Here Question 62 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Cell bodies of motor neurons would most likely be found in which of the following? Answer gray matter white matter dorsal roots tracts Add Question Here Question 63 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Where would you find the dorsal root ganglia? Answer at the base of the brain in the gray matter of the spinal cord in the white matter of the spinal cord outside, but near, the spinal cord Add Question Here Question 64 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question A cross section of the spinal cord indicates that gray matter is: Answer densely packed with myelinated axons. composed mostly of unmyelinated axons. densely packed with cell bodies and dendrites. composed only of dendrites. Add Question Here Question 65 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question In the spinal cord, white matter is comprised mostly of ____, while gray matter is mostly ____. Answer cell bodies, myelinated axons dendrites, myelinated axons myelinated axons, cell bodies cell bodies, dendrites Add Question Here Question 66 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Gray matter in the brain and spinal cord is mainly composed of what structures? Answer cell bodies and dendrites myelinated axons unmyelinated axons ganglia Add Question Here Question 67 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question If the spinal cord is cut at a given segment, the brain loses sensation at: Answer that segment only. that segment and all segments above it. that segment and all segments below it. all other segments. Add Question Here Question 68 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The autonomic nervous system: Answer only receives information from the heart, intestines, and other organs. only sends information to the heart, intestines, and other organs. receives and sends information to the heart, intestines, and other organs. conveys messages from the sense organs to the central nervous system. Add Question Here Question 69 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which part of the nervous system prepares the body for "fight or flight" activities? Answer sympathetic somatic parasympathetic peripheral Add Question Here Question 70 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Erection of the hairs, known in humans as "goose bumps," is caused by activation of which branch of the nervous system? Answer parasympathetic sympathetic central peripheral Add Question Here Question 71 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The sweat glands, adrenal glands, and muscles that constrict blood vessels have input from only the ____ nervous system. Answer sympathetic parasympathetic central dorsal root Add Question Here Question 72 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Seeing a snake come out of the drain in the bathtub might increase your heart rate, dilate your pupils, cause you to sweat, and raise the hair on your neck. These responses are due to the activity of the ____ nervous system. Answer sympathetic parasympathetic somatic motor Add Question Here Question 73 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which activity is increased by the sympathetic nervous system? Answer salivation heart rate digestive activity body temperature Add Question Here Question 74 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question You are walking after dark. A sudden noise frightens you. Your heart pounds, your pulse races, and your breathing rate increases. These responses are due to your: Answer parasympathetic nervous system. sympathetic nervous system. somatic nervous system. immune system. Add Question Here Question 75 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which of the following would be the most likely effect of taking a drug that blocks sympathetic nervous system activity? Answer increased blood pressure sweating slowed digestion decreased heart rate Add Question Here Question 76 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Sympathetic ganglia: Answer are located inside the spinal cord. act more independently than do parasympathetic ganglia. are closely linked and often act as a single system. have short postganglionic fibers extending to internal organs. Add Question Here Question 77 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question What is unique about the autonomic activity of the sweat glands? Answer They receive only parasympathetic input. They receive only sympathetic input. They only work when it's hot outside. Both the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system increase sweating. Add Question Here Question 78 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question What, generally, is the relationship between the activity of the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous systems? Answer The sympathetic controls internal organs while the parasympathetic controls peripheral organs. The sympathetic usually has specific, localized effects, while the parasympathetic has broad effects. They usually have opposite effects on the same organ. The sympathetic is involved in voluntary behavior, while the parasympathetic is involved in involuntary behavior. Add Question Here Question 79 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Digestive activity is increased by the activation of which branch of the autonomic nervous system? Answer the parasympathetic the sympathetic both the parasympathetic and sympathetic neither the parasympathetic nor the sympathetic Add Question Here Question 80 Multiple Choice 0 points Question Sympathetic is to ____ as parasympathetic is to ____. Answer Modify Remove central nervous system; peripheral nervous system voluntary behavior; involuntary behavior arousal; relaxation neurotransmitters; hormones Add Question Here Question 81 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question One principle of the autonomic nervous system is the concept of ______. Answer synergy dual innervation a relay center a limbic system Add Question Here Question 82 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question Which kinds of activities are produced from activation of the parasympathetic nervous system? Answer fight-or-flight increased heart rate and blood pressure a decrease in digestion calmness and relaxation Add Question Here Question 83 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The parasympathetic nervous system has: Answer long preganglionic and long postganglionic axons. long preganglionic and short postganglionic axons. short preganglionic and short postganglionic axons. short preganglionic and long postganglionic axons. 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