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ROME - → Hunting Roundels from some monument of Hadrian...

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ROME: THE LATE EMPIRE Late Roman developments in art and archaeological remains: 1. Abstraction of form 2. Internalization of space Third Century: Severans (193-211) Caracalla (211-217), X-design "Third Century Crisis" Philip the Arab, Trajan Decius, Maximus the Thracian Tetrarchy: Diocles = Diocletian (284-305) "Rule of Four Men," Augusti & Caesari Porphyry statues from San Marco (c. 300), concordia, Palace at Spalato (Split, c. 300), decumanus/cardo military architecture dominus Constantine (303-337) Colossal Statue, c. 313 Arch 312-315 CE Just west of the Colosseum Commemorates triumph of Constantine over Maxentius
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Decorated mostly with reliefs "borrowed" from other monuments of famous emperors These are called spolia Borrowed from monuments erected by or in honor of rulers from the 2nd c AD Dacian Prisoners from Forum of Trajan
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Unformatted text preview: → Hunting Roundels from some monument of Hadrian → Panels from an arch of Marcus Aurelius → Constantine did add his own smaller panels -- long horizontal panels show style of Late Antiquity → Show events surrounding Constantine's victory • speech (oratio) of Constantine • distribution of gifts (donatio) shows the emperor distributing money to the people of Rome upon his victory → Constantine seated at center, ministers surround him → Style of relief is typical of Late Antique style * short stubby figures * huge heads in proportion to their bodies * drapery folds are abstract - created by single, deep drill channels * emperor faces outward - frontality The art of the later Roman Empire from the era of Constantine onward is referred to as "Late Antique"...
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