PICO Question and Literature Review Part I: Formulation of a PICO question and analysis PICO stands for Patient or population in question, proposed intervention C for control group or the comparison to current practice O for outcome desired by intervention. PICO question to be used for assignment: Among the geriatric population suffering from dementia, how effective is increased exercise in reduction of falls in nursing homes in comparison to decreased exercise. P: Geriatric patients suffering from dementia in nursing homes. I: Increased exercise C: reduced use of exercise O: Decrease in the incidence of falls © 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 1 of 9
PICO Question and Literature Review Part II: Search Strategy Electronic databases Utilized: PubMed CINAHL Walden Library Scholarly articles selected: Marasinghe, K. M., Lapitan, J. M., & Ross, A. (2015). Assistive technologies for ageing populations in six low-income and middle- income countries: a systematic review. BMJ Innovations , 1 (4), 182–195. Abreu, H. C. de A., Reiners, A. A. O., Azevedo, R. C. de S., da Silva, A. M. C., Abreu, D. R. de O. M., & de Oliveira, A. D. (2015). Incidence and predicting factors of falls of older inpatients. Revista de Saúde Pública , 49 , 37. - 8910.2015049005549 © 2014 Laureate Education, Inc. Page 2 of 9
PICO Question and Literature Review Mirolsky-Scala, G., & Kraemer, T. (2009). Fall Management in Alzheimer-related Dementia: A Case Study. Journal Of Geriatric Physical Therapy , 32 (4), 181-189 Cho, S., & An, D. (n.d). Effects of a Fall Prevention Exercise Program on Muscle Strength and Balance of the Old-old Elderly.
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