Medieval Art

Medieval Art - Medieval Art Stokstad Readings: Study Guide...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Medieval Art Stokstad Readings: Study Guide Chapter 1: An Introduction to Medieval Art Stavelot Triptych, Reliquary of the True Cross, Belgium mid-12 th century QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) deco are needed to see this pic In contrast to the large triptych, the two small reliquaries exemplify the art of the Eastern, Byzantine Church. The wings, tell the story of the True Cross as it was known in the Middle Ages. Constantine, during the night before fighting his rival Maxentius for control of the Roman Empire, dreamed he saw the Cross of Christ in the sky. Angels told him that the sign of the Cross would ensure victory. Constantine ordered his troops to place the cross monogram of Christ (Chi Rho) on their shields. In the ensuing battle at the Milvian Bridge outside of Rome, Constantine won a decisive victory, killed Maxentius, and entered Rome in triumph. The enamels are technically different, following the preferences of the Eastern and Western churches. The small rectangular plaques are cloisonné enamel: the individual cells that divide the colors are formed by tiny gold strips soldered to the surface of the panel which is typical of Byzantine art. The larger medallions are in the champleve technique: the cells are gouged out of the metal plate, the preferred technique among Western artists Medieval art is essentially Christian art, but the Stavelot Triptych focuses our attention on an East-West dichotomy in Christianity, which continues to this day in the Catholic and Orthodox churches. There are also two modes of representation: The Eastern Byzantine artists use a symbolic mode: static hieratic compositions in which figures, seemingly frozen in space, quietly adore the cross. Western artists work in a narrative mode, creating lively energetic figures acting out dramatic stories of visions, battles, confrontations, and miracles Christianity and the Early Christian Church Christianity did not begin as an imperially sponsored religion. In the first century, Octavian, who was made Roman Emperor by the Senate with the title of Augustus, formed a united empire. Far from Rome, in Palestine, where Herod ruled as Roman Governor—a woman named Mary gave birth to a child she named Jesus. The Gospels tell of angelic messengers announcing the coming of the Messiah and wise men traveling to Bethlehem to recognize him as the Christ, the Son of God. Few people, at first, were aware of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish carpenter who
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Medieval Art - Medieval Art Stokstad Readings: Study Guide...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online