HISTORY 10TH TEST#1.docx - TERMS Popular Sovereignty The idea that political power belongs to the people Wilmot Proviso A document stating that neither

HISTORY 10TH TEST#1.docx - TERMS Popular Sovereignty The...

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TERMS: Popular Sovereignty - The idea that political power belongs to the people. Wilmot Proviso - A document stating that neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of the territory. Sectionalism - Favoring the interest of one section or region over the interest of the unite country. Free Soil Party - Antislavery northerners formed a new party which supported the Wilmot Proviso . Secede - Formally withdraw from the union. Compromise of 1850 - Where California was able to enter the union as free state. The rest of the Mexican Cession was divided into two territory Utah and New Mexico where the question of whether to allow slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty. Fugitive Slave Act- A crime to help runaway slaves and allowed officials to arrest those slave in free areas. Uncle Tom’s Cabin - The antislavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. Kansas Nebraska Act - A plan that would divide the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase into two territories Kansas and Nebraska and allow people in each territory to decide on the question of slavery. Pottawatomie Massacre - When Brown and his men killed five pro-slavery men in Kansas. Republican Party - A political party united against the spread of slavery in the West. Lincoln Douglas Debates - When Lincoln challenged Douglas. Freeport Doctrine - This notion that the police would enforce the voter’s decision in the Dred Scott case.
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John Brown’s raid - When he and his men took over the arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, in hopes of starting a slave rebellion. Constitutional Union Party - Recognized no political principles other than the Constitution of the country, the union of the states and the enforcement of the laws. Confederate States of America- Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas and South Carolina seceded to form this. Important People: David Wilmot- Offered the Wilmot Proviso. Anthony Burns - Fugitive slave from Virginia, he was arrested in Boston. Harriet Beecher Stowe - Author of the novel Uncles Tom Cabin, spoke powerfully against slavery, daughter of Connecticut minister Lyman Beecher. Franklin Pierce - Little know politician from New Hampshire, promised to honor the Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Act. Stephen Douglas - Supported the idea of building a railroad to the Pacific Ocean. Charles Sumner - Senator of Massachusetts critized proslavery people in Kansas and personally insulted Andrew Pickens Butler. Preston Brooks - Relative of Butlers responded strongly and in May 22, 1856 he used a walking cane and beated Sumner unconscious in the Senate Chamber. James Buchanan - Had a great deal of political experience as Polk’s secretary of state, he had been in Great Britain as ambassador during the Kansas Nebraska Act dispute and had not been involved in the debate.
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  • History, Compromise Of 1850, The Land, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, Fugitive Slave Act, fugitive slave, Kansas Nebraska

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