Chapter 13 Notes

Chapter 13 Notes - Chapter 13 Contemporary Issues in Leadership I Framing Using Words to Shape Meaning and Inspire Others A Framing a way to use

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Chapter 13: Contemporary Issues in Leadership I. Framing: Using Words to Shape Meaning and Inspire Others A. Framing : a way to use language to manage meaning 1. A way for leaders to influence how events are seen and understood 2. Involves the selection and highlighting of one or more aspects of a subject while excluding others 3. Relevance to Leadership Today a) Framing is a powerful tool by which leaders influence how others see and interpret reality II. Inspirational Approaches to Leadership A. Charismatic Leadership 1. What is Charismatic Leadership? a) Sociologist Max Weber defined charisma (from the Greek for “gift”) as a certain quality regarded as divine or exemplary that sets an individual apart from ordinary people; one of several types of authority b) Charismatic leadership theory : theory proposed by Robert House suggesting that followers make attributions of heroic or extraordinary leadership abilities when they observe certain behaviors c) Characteristics of Charismatic Leaders: (1) Vision and articulation : have a vision, expressed as a goal (2) Personal risk : willing to take personal risks to achieve that vision (3) Sensitivity : perceptive and responsive to others’ needs/abilities (4) Unconventional Behavior : exhibit behavior that is out of the ordinary 2. Are Charismatic Leaders Born or Made? a) Most experts believe that individuals can be trained to exhibit charismatic behaviors (1) Individual needs to develop the aura of charisma by maintaining an optimistic view, using passion as a catalyst for generating enthusiasm, and communicating with the whole body, not just words (2) Ind. draws others in by creating a bond that inspires others to follow (3) Ind. brings out potential in followers by tapping into their emotions 3. How Charismatic Leaders Influence Followers a) Four-step process (1) Leader articulates an appealing vision : a long-term strategy on how to attain a goal or goals (links the present with a better future) (a) Key properties: inspirational possibilities that are value- centered, realizable w/ superior imagery and articulation, must be unique and offer distinction, must be desirable/doable
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(2) Leader develops a vision statement : a formal articulation of an organization’s vision or mission (used to “imprint” an overarching goal) (3) Leader communicates high performance expectations and expresses confidence that followers can achieve them (enhances followers’ self-esteem and self-confidence) (4) Leader conveys a new set of values (through words and actions) and sets an example for followers to imitate (through behavior) 4. Does Effective Charismatic Leadership Depend on the Situation? a) Situational factors limiting charisma (1) Charisma appears to be most successful when follower’s task has an ideological component or when the environment involves a high degree of stress/uncertainty (i.e. start-up companies or when companies are facing crises) (2) Charisma also limited by level in organization (most prominent
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This note was uploaded on 12/24/2007 for the course BUAD 304 taught by Professor Cummings during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Chapter 13 Notes - Chapter 13 Contemporary Issues in Leadership I Framing Using Words to Shape Meaning and Inspire Others A Framing a way to use

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