Jane Lee Jasmine Husain Calvin Lee Derek Kao Period 3 Frankenstein -Super Reading Reference Sheet Title: Frankenstein Publication Date: 1831 Author: Mary Shelley Nationality: English Author’s Birth/Death Dates: August 30, 1797 - February 1, 1851 Distinguishing Traits of Author: She was the child of philosopher, novelist, and journalist William Godwin. Of her time, Mary Shelley received a great education and had a natural longing to learn. She is noted for her deep insights of society, politics, and psychology. She had a habit of intensive reading and studying. Throughout her life, Shelly went through tough times, especially the death of three of her children. Her mother died of puerperal fever 10 days after Mary was born, leaving her father to raise her. Godwin, her father, provided his daughter with an education rich in liberal political perspective. He also remarried, but Mary detested her new stepmother, contributing to possibly the revering, loving portrayal of the mother in dedication to the memory of her original mother. Another factor that influenced her writing was the fact that Mary was married at the time of writing and had received inspiration to write the story after visiting Geneva. The idea for the story was reportedly conceived when Mary was immersed in a writing competition with Lord Byron while at Switzerland in 1816. Setting (time & place) of Work: North Sea: The beginning and ending setting was a Walton’s ship, which was stuck on the North Sea, surrounded and entrapped by walls of ice for several days in the year 1817. The features around the ship serve as a burial chamber, where the ice serve as the walls of the casket or chamber that would entomb the body of Frankenstein. The cold temperature and lack of life indicate a grave mood, foreshadowing the demise of Frankenstein and contributing to the overall feeling of gradual death. The overall mood and atmosphere established by the cold climate and impenetrable shards of ice is one of hopelessness, paralleling the situation of the sailors with that of the futility of Frankenstein’s final quest to hunt down the monster.
Geneva, Switzerland: The main setting, in which the story mainly takes place, is in Geneva, Switzerland. This is the place of birth for Frankenstein, the location of his family’s estate, and the scene of many important events during the novel. Geneva is shown in two extreme states. The first of which is a very serene, peaceful, and beautiful environment that seems to complement and symbolize the tranquility in the beginning of the story. However, as the story progresses and Frankenstein creates his monster, Geneva brings on harsh rain and storms that seem to represent an imminent conflict that would inevitably cause the downfall of Victor. Ingolstadt: The university Frankenstein attends is called the University of Ingolstadt. It represents a place of learning and knowledge. However, it is here where Frankenstein discovers the secret of life and begins the series of tragedies that will happen to him.
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