DAY 2, Kincaid, Wolff, Sentence Structure and FLOW, 9.10.18.ppt

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Independent and dependent clauses.
A related group of words with a subject and predicate is called a clause.A clause that makes sense by itself is an independent clause.A clause that does not make sense by itself is a dependent clause.
Independent ClauseContains a subject and a verbExpresses a complete thoughtIs a simple sentenceFrank is a mechanic.Subject: FrankVerb: isThis sentence is a complete thought
Dependent ClausesAlso referred to as a Subordinate ClauseAlways contain a subject and a verbDO NOT express a complete thoughtAre always “signaled” with a word like because, when, until…Are always attached to an independent clause to create a COMPLEX SENTENCEif not attached to an independent clause, you have a FRAGMENTUntil I was forced to evacuate, Iplannedto stay home during the hurricane.
Where are the Dependent Clauses?1.Hurricane Harvey was one of the most expensive natural disasters ever. 2.Besides the storm surge and high winds, Harvey was dangerous because it hovered over the Houston area for days.3.Many neighborhoods experienced severe flooding, and it took days for the water to recede. 4.There will be billions in damages that the government will need to pay because so few people had flood insurance.5.Without the government stepping in, Houston would become a ghost town.
Here are the dependent clauses1.Hurricane Harvey was one of the most expensive natural disasters ever. 2.Besides the storm surge and high winds, Harvey was dangerous because it hovered over the Houston area for days.3.Many neighborhoods experienced severe flooding, and it took days for the water to recede. 4.There will be billions in damages that the government will need to pay because so few people had flood insurance.5.Without the government stepping in, Houston would become a ghost town.
So…complex sentencesIf dependent clause comes first, it must be attached with a comma or it is a RUN ONBecause I love to eat good food, I read Bon Appetit magazine.Dep Clause + comma + Ind ClauseI read Bon Appetit magazine because I love to eat good food. Ind Clause + Dep ClauseIf sentence begins with ind clause, no need for a comma.
Independent clauseNative Americans lived on the islanduntil they were attacked.Dependent clause
Write Ior Dfor independent or dependent clause.1. if you live on an island______2. the tides affect your life______3. the water level rises_____4. when the tide comes in_____5. much of the beach disappears under water_____6. until the tide goes out_____
England for the First Time”Geoffrey Wolff:“The Duke of Deception”Analysis and Discussion Questions
Small Group Structure: select two different partners for each square—you must select different people each time and you are locked into your group!

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