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Study Questions Anth 353/Sustn 353Week 10Orlove pp 45-671.What have ecological surveys shown about how the fishermen manage lake resources? (p46)They manage the lake well: populations of fish, birds, plants all stable2.Why is the story of Lake Titicaca unique in terms of natural resource management? (p47)Unlike local people who seek to preserve their lands for future generations, newcomers frequently don’t look beyond their next annual report or next election. Often use resources at unsustainable rate. Outsiders usually ones who win. 3.How did Orlove resolve the issue about using the term ‘fishermen’ as opposed to ‘fisher’ or sum other term to describe the people he was studying? (p49)Conceptual shift: Use word not as social scientific term that denoted certain category of persons, but as English equivalent of local word without any claims to generalizability4.When the villagers speak, what Spanish terms do they adopt & what Quechan terms do they retain? Why is this the case? (p57)Quechua terms retained for work that takes place within the territory of village & that produces food & other basic necessities. Such work often seemsmore rural than urban, because requires sustained or heavy effort or becauseentails close contact with soilSpanish words adopted for work that takes place outside the village & for which salary paid. This work often leads to involvement with government authorities 5.How do the meanings of the terms ‘Indian’ & ‘peasant’ differ? (p59)Indian - implied cultural distinctions- placed villagers in museums - refers to culture & ethnicity Peasant- indicated economic relations, exploitative relations in which wealthy classes benefit from poverty of people who work land- placed villagers squarely on political agenda, since indicated sum transformation needed to end such inequality- scripted villagers into revolution- indicates class & exploitation
6.Why does Orlove tend to use the term ‘villager’ rather than ‘Indian’ or ‘peasant’ to describe the people he’s studying? (p59)- seems accurate enough, since fisherman live in small rural communities, with average population around thousand inhabitants & average area of about 30 square kilometers- points to space- directs attention to local dimension of human life & interaction- whereas peasant suggests political tensions emerge from conflicts over agriculture, villager permits wider range of resource-based politics that involves control over forests, grasslands, or in this case, lake- whereas Indian implies cultural difference with mestizos, villager points to