Being Critical.pdf - Academic Phrasebank...

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Academic Phrasebankphrasebank.manchester.ac.uk/being-critical/Being CriticalAs an academic writer, you are expected to be critical of the sources that you use. Thisessentially means questioning what you read and not necessarily agreeing with it justbecause the information has been published. Being critical can also mean looking forreasons why we should not just accept something as being correct or true. This can requireyou to identify problems with a writer’s arguments or methods, or perhaps to refer to otherpeople’s criticisms of these. Constructive criticism goes beyond this by suggesting ways inwhich a piece of research or writing could be improved.… being against is not enough. We also need to develop habits of constructive thinking.Edward de BonoHighlighting inadequacies of previous studiesPrevious studies of X have not dealt with …Researchers have not treated X in much detail.Such expositions are unsatisfactory because they …Most studies in the field of X have only focused on …Such approaches, however, have failed to address …Previous published studies are limited to local surveys.Half of the studies evaluated failed to specify whether …The research to date has tended to focus on X rather than Y.Previously published studies on the effect of X are not consistent.Smith’s analysis does not take account of …, nor does she examine …The existing accounts fail to resolve the contradiction between X and Y.Most studies of X have only been carried out in a small number of areas.However, much of the research up to now has been descriptive in nature …The generalisability of much published research on this issue is problematic.Research on the subject has been mostly restricted to limited comparisons of …However, few writers have been able to draw on any systematic research into …Short-term studies such as these do not necessarily show subtle changes over timeAlthough extensive research has been carried out on X, no single study exists whichHowever, these results were based upon data from over 30 years ago and it isunclear if …The experimental data are rather controversial, and there is no general agreementabout …1/5
Identifying a weakness in a single study or paper(However,)Smith fails to fully define what …

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Term
Summer
Professor
LeaLandrus
Tags
Academic publishing

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