Chapter 15 Struggle for Democracy

Chapter 15 Struggle for Democracy - Chapter 15: Civil...

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Chapter 15: Civil Liberties Definition of Civil Liberties: Freedoms protected from governmental interference Story of Civil Liberties is a gradual one that evolved over time Bill of Rights & the Constitution Original idea was to limit the powers of national government to infringe on the rights and liberties of citizens Remember Barron v. Baltimore(1833)? Early Constitution mostly dealt with property rights
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contract clause/economic liberty Dred Scott vs Sandford (1857) 14 th Amendment changes everything 1868: 14 th Amendment originally designed to guarantee citizenship rights to newly freed slaves Amendment does 3 things: all persons born (well, males) born or naturalized are citizens of both US and state they reside Privileges and Immunities Clause Due process clause – 1897 Court begins to increase jurisdiction over states More on the 14 th
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Amendment 1925: everything changes with Gitlow v. New York Selective Incorporation Has every Amendment in the Bill of Rights been incorporated? What is the standard for selective
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Chapter 15 Struggle for Democracy - Chapter 15: Civil...

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