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CourseNURS-5366 PRINC-OF-RESEARCH-IN-NURSING--2018-FallTestModule 1 Quiz Question 1 Hospital nurses are observed in order to determine exactly how long nurses swab IV ports with alcohol. Because they are being observed, they “scrub the hub” longer than they ordinarily would have. This is an example of what threat to validity of the the studydesign relevant to quantitative research?Answers: a. Controlb. Biasc. Hawthorne effectd. Inaccurate operationalization of variablesResponse Feedback: Subjects’ knowledge of a study could influence their behavior and possibly alter the research outcomes. This threatens the validity or accuracy of the study design. An example of this type of threat to design validity is the Hawthorne effect, which was identified during the classic experiment at the Hawthorne plant of the Western Electric Company
during the 1920s and 1930s. The employees at this plant exhibited a particular psychological response when they became research participants: they changed their behavior simply because they were subjects in a study, not because of the research treatment.Question 2 Sources of research topics often come from research priorities developed by professional organizations and funding agencies. Which of the following is an example of a researchpriority in healthcare?Answers: a. Promotion of literacy in preschoolersb. Effective and appropriate use of technology to achieve optimal patient assessment, management and/or outcomesc. Vaccination of all children regardless of parents’ religious beliefsResponse Feedback:p. 24Question 3 What is the first step in the critical appraisal of a study?Answers: a. Identifying the research design
b. Identification of the steps of the research processc. Determine the strengths and weaknessesd. Discussing the implications for nursing practiceResponse Feedback:p.436Question 4 Why is operational reasoning necessary for research?Answers: a. Standard interventions are obtained from operational reasoning.b. Abstract concepts are of no use to nursing.c. It facilitates the researcher’s rapport with familiesd. It allows the researcher to measure the concepts studied.Response Feedback: Operational reasoning involves the identification of and discrimination among many alternatives and viewpoints. It focuses on the process
(debating alternatives) rather than on the resolution. Nurses use operational reasoning to develop realistic, measurable health goals. Thus,operational reasoning takes abstract concepts and makes them focused, concrete, and, therefore, researchable.p. 6Question 5 A research study contains the following in its Introduction section: “This study was undertaken to explore the effect of massage on total hours of sleep per 24-hour day, in persons averaging fewer than 7 hours of sleep per night, attributable to insomnia. . . .