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John BurrowsHIS 146May 6, 2007Final Exam Essay #2 (Mexican War Catalyst)The 1800’s marked a new era in American History, one which would forever shape the political and economic landscapes for scores to come. By 1810 many Northern States had abolished slavery and opposed it’s expansion . The more progressive North had established and supported a free labor economy that conflicted with the South’s slavery dependent agricultural system. The economic conflict proved to further polarize extremist political leaders on both sides which led to additional controversy. After the annexation of Texas and the Mexican-American War came around, the issue of slave and non-slave states entering the country was a divisive topic. The Mexican War yielded an American victory and territories which wound up intensifying the situation in the United States for years to come. Friction between Northern and Southern Leaders, and their subsequent followers eventually lead to what became an inevitable Civil War.The Democratic message of manifest destiny and expanding westward led to the initial conflict that instigated the Mexican-American War. The message gathered public support for the war with Mexico, who never recognized Texas’s succession and viewed it as a rebellious state. Unfortunately America’s victory only worsened the situation back in the United States with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, granting the Mexican Cession. The Mexican Cession included vast amounts of land in the American Southwest that sparked controversy due to the already heated debate over new slave and non slave states. The lands that were granted posed an identical problem to those in the original Louisiana territory which was temporarily solved by The Missouri Compromise of 1820.
Unfortunately the Missouri Compromise only governed the land of the original Louisiana Territory, and led to a need for a similar solution. Whig Senators Henry Clay and Stephen Douglas drafted the Compromise of 1850, creating a series of laws meant to settle the disputes over the new territories stemming from the Mexican War. The compromise temporarily defused situations among leaders and citizens but it didn’t hold over time.