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Running head: IHP 420 MILESTONE THREE BIOETHICS 1Milestone Three BioethicsTheTheresa “Terri” Marie Schindler Schiavo Case IHP- 420-X6372Dina TwombleyAugust 12, 2018
Milestone Three Bioethics 2The following case study will discuss the medical treatment of Theresa “Terri” Marie Schindler Schiavo over a fifteen-year period, as well as the legal battle between her husband Michael Schiavo, and her family to sustain her life through artificial hydration and nutrition via a feeding tube (Quill, 2005). The tragic event took place during 1990, when Terri went into cardiac arrest because of extreme hypokalemia brought on by an eating disorder (Quill,2005). As a result, her brain was deprived of oxygen for over five minutes causing severe brain damage. The physicians who evaluated Terri had diagnosed her as being in a persistent vegetative state (CNN, 2005). The characteristics of PVA means that an individual cannot think, speak, or respond to commands or are aware of their surroundings (CNN, 2005). Furthermore, patients in this state may demonstrate noncognitive functions i.e. breathing and circulatory functions as well as responses to light and noise but show no signs of cognition functions i.e. emotion or willful activity. Terri’s condition was irreversible even though she was able to breatheon her own she would require a feeding tube to keep her alive. Michael Schiavo was appointed legal guardian under Florida statue, which automatically designates the spouse, as the sole decision maker above all family members should a patient become irreversibly incapacitated andnot have a designated health care proxy (Quill, 2005). Mr. Schiavo tried both traditional and experimental therapies for three years following the original diagnoses of PVA with no prevail.