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A patient with mild low back pain has been advised to take acetaminophen. The nurse will inform him that excessive intake of acetaminophen may result inResponse Feedback: A patient taking acetaminophen should be taught the common adverse effects of the drug, which include rash, urticaria, and nausea. Nausea, not gastrointestinal distress, is a common adverse effect of acetaminophen. Flushing, dizziness, and feelings of tingling, heat, and fatigue are the most common adverse effects of sumatriptan, not acetaminophen. Question 2 1 out of 1 pointsA nurse will be prepared to administer naloxone (Narcan) to a patient who has had an overdose of morphine. Repeated doses of Narcan will be necessary because NarcanResponse Feedback: The duration of the morphine may be longer than the duration of naloxone. Therefore, naloxone has a shorter half-life than morphine. Repeated doses may be necessary to maintain reversal of the opiate's effects. Naloxone does not increase the action of morphine, and it causes the respiratory rate to increase, not decrease. Dosage strength is not associated with drug duration. Question 3 1 out of 1 pointsA patient who is experiencing acute alcohol withdrawal is being treated with intravenous lorazepam (Ativan). This drug achieves a therapeutic effect byResponse Feedback: Like all benzodiazepines, lorazepam increases the effects of GABA, which has an inhibitory effect on the CNS. However, none of the benzodiazepines act like GABA or increase the amount of GABA present. MAOIs inhibit monoamine oxidase and tricyclic antidepressants primarily affect serotonin and norepinephrine levels. SSRIs increase the availability of serotonin in the synapses. Question 4 1 out of 1 pointsA 62-year-old woman has been prescribed a fentanyl transdermal patch for chronic cancer pain. The patient asks the nurse how long it will take for her to experience pain relief. The nurse will instruct the patient that she should feel pain relief in approximatelyResponse The nurse will instruct the patient that it will take approximately 24 hours
Feedback: for the full pain-relieving effect of a fentanyl transdermal patch to occur. Question 5 1 out of 1 pointsA nurse is caring for a patient who abuses marijuana. The treatment for marijuana abuse consists mainly ofResponse Feedback: Treatment for marijuana abuse consists mainly of nonpharmacologic interventions combined with an exercise program to help deal with withdrawalsymptoms and cravings for the drug. Treatment of LSD and PCP use is necessary only when the user experiences a “bad trip.” Parlodel is given for cocaine addiction. Patients with acute inhalant intoxication may need respirator assistance. Question 6 1 out of 1 pointsA patient is suffering from acute inhalant intoxication. The priority nursing intervention will be toResponse Feedback: Patients suffering from acute inhalant intoxication may experience hypoxia from CNS depression; therefore, the patient will most likely be receiving oxygen therapy. Epinephrine is contraindicated because of possible cardiac