, *Key objectives that she just sent out on Canvas are at the bottom of the doc, add notes to answer all the questions she suggests we know about!* Commitment and Relationship Cognition ● Interdependence Theory ○ Attempt to predict satisfaction and dependence in a relationship ○ Relationship A: very satisfied (somewhat dependent) ○ Relationship B: very dependent (somewhat satisfied) ○ Relationship C: involuntary dependence ○ Relationship D: unstable Interdependence Theory: Satisfaction = outcomes comparison level Comparison level higher than outcomes → not satisfied Outcomes higher than comparison level → satisfied (if comparison level is way lower than outcomes, then satisfaction is even greater) Dependence = outcomes comparison level of alternatives CL of alternatives outcomes → not dependent (unstable relationship, have better alternatives) Outcomes CL of alternatives → dependent (if CL of alternatives is way lower than outcomes, then extremely dependent) ● Commitment: the subjective experience of dependence ○ Closeness, attachment, loyalty, obligation ○ Intention to remain ○ Long-term orientation ● The investment model: expansion of the interdependence theory ○ Predicts commitment ○ Satisfaction: ■ Costs vs. rewards = outcomes ■ Satisfaction is measured the exact same in this model! ○ Alternatives:(rather than dependency) ■ Other potential partners (availability of other people) ■ If other partner is not available to you it does not influence commitment ■ (have to be attractive and available in order to influence commitment negatively!) ■ Specific or general ■ No relationship
○ Investments: if the relationship were to end what are you not going to get back (to lose) ■ Irretrievable resources ■ Children, house, $$ ■ Joint social networks (who gets what friends) ■ Time, emotions ○ Commitment leads to… ■ stay/leave behavior ■ Perspective taking ■ Accommodation ■ Derogation of alternatives (the more committed you are the less attractive you see others than uncommitted people) ■ Willingness to sacrifice (moving to another place for your partner, partner gives up things to benefit the other partner) ■ illusions/perceives relationship superiority ■ Fidelity Relationship Cognition ● Cognition- mental process of knowing including: ○ Awareness ○ Perception ○ Reasoning ○ Judgement ● Cognitive accessibility of commitment- how retrievable/easily accessible ideas about your relationship are to you. More commitment = greater cognition. ● Attributions ○ How you understand someone’s behavior and explain their motivation ○ Problem solving attempts in DISTRESSED couples have higher rates of negative behavior & more reciprocity in negative behavior ■ More likely to retaliate; negative behavior responded with negative ○ Most satisfied, less distressed couples are less likely to be involved in reciprocity of negative behavior ■ perhaps this is because of attributions made for negative behavior (ex. If
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- Spring '08