ICPPRIMARY- injury that occurs at the initial time of injurySECONDARY- result of hypoxia, ischemia, hypotension, edema, increased ICPICP- hydrostatic force measured in the brain CSF compartment.Under normal conditions in which Intracranial volume remains relatively constant, the balanceamong the three components: brain tissue, blood, CSF). maintains the ICPFactors that affect ICP-Arterial pressure,-Venous pressure-Intraabdominal and intrathoracic pressure-Posture-Temperature-Blood glasses carbon dioxide levelsMonroe Kellie Doctrine- 3 components must remain at a relatively constant volume within theclosed skull structure.-If the volume of any one of the 3 components increases within the cranial vault and thevolume from another component is displaced, the total intracranial volume will notchange.-Only applicable when the skull is closed.ICP can be measured using a pressure transducer in the ventricles, subarachnoid space,
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Cerebrospinal fluid,brain tissue,ICP- hydrostatic force