Russia 5 year planCar production- 2000 cars a month without western know how or western leadership, productionwent up but quality went downSoviet farming- all farmers worked for state, told what to plant when to plant it, etc. people in thecapital w/o farming experience telling farmers what to doStalin's First 5 year plan was designed to modernize Russia-Introduce modern tech. to farmers i.e. tractors, fertilizer, irrigation systems, etc. larger yields, less farmers --- surplus labor sent to factories, farms given quota, new tech neverappears, less work no modern tech. and quota---- peasant rebellion but they lost, soviet agriculture nearly collapses as result of 1st 5 year plan, Russia has to import grain from other countries Great Depression1920s decade of increased manufacturing, employment, and consumer goodsIn Germany and Russia 1920s were bad, Stock market crash 1929 sends the world economy down, everyone on wall street was borrowing money so when everyone was called to pay they couldn’t sell stock bc everyone is trying to sell stock Banks collapse, US stops lending money to foreigners Scandinavian SocialismHigher taxes on wealthy and middle classFlexibleCommunity action Totalitarianism- based on popular participationFascism National Socialism/ Nazism Focused on everybody not just the elites, effective gov. Keeping masses occupied Mussolini- black shirts first to coin term fascism revolutionary desire to create totalitarian stateHitlerGermany has to take blame for WWI and pay a lotWeimar republic- king of Germany was forced to abdicate the throneUber inflation- term coined by germans bc economy was so badSince Germanys paper money becomes worthless france starts demanding payment in gold and other commoditiesEast africa
The Sawhili east coastal africans Intermarriage between eastern coastal african women and men from the middle east, cements the swahili culture Trade is very important to East African economy, trade winds Blow east april to oct Blow west nov to febCaused by the climate of the indian oceanA lot of gold found in Africa 1884 portugese was Tippu tip - ruthless man buying and capturing slaves, monopoly of slave trade in east africaCentral Africa●Grasslands for herding●Rich in gold●Late Iron Age●Elaborate pottery so they weren’t nomadic ●Great Zimbabwe ●Portuguese arrive attracted by gold and slaves ○Portugese find a lot of kingdoms including the Kongo now congo, ○Kongo cultivated corn, devastated by the slave trade Trade - West had no real transatlantic trade; Great Zimbabwe East was at the heart of trade network, not until 18th century that east west trade Portugese and KongoPortugese are bringing Christianity to the Kongo Dutch British and French are all trying to get slaves from Africa Port. gians trading relationship with East africa, they try to gain control of gold mines, doens;t workNorth Africa is cut off by Sahara Desert Trade, famine/climate change, war caused relocation within Africa
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- Spring '08
- People's Republic of China, Chiang Kai-shek, Indian nationalist movement, Sun Yatsen