100%(10)10 out of 10 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.
NURS 6521Advanced PharmacologyWeek 4, Initial PostRespiratory DisordersRespiratory disorders are disorders or chronic conditions of the pulmonary, or respiratory,system that include, but are not limited to, acute illnesses, such as the common cold, sinusitis, rhinitis, pneumonia (PNA), and influenza; respiratory disorders also include those chronic conditions such as asthma, chronic obstruction pulmonary diseases (COPD), that include emphysema or chronic bronchitis. There are also other respiratory disorders that are not as frequent but are just as relevant, including pulmonary fibrosis, sarcoidosis, and respiratory distress syndromes (“Respiratory Diseases”, n.d.). Respiratory conditions affect a lot of our population and continue to be debilitating; the onset of these conditions can be unknown, due to a virus or bacteria, or can be caused by damage to the lungs or airway over time. These conditions typically constrict our airways, causing a cough, making breathing difficult or impossible; these conditions can also affect our arterial blood gasses (ABGs) and how we are bringing in oxygen/filtering our carbon dioxide. When an infection is present, there will phlegm production or drainage that also affects our respiratory system, how we breathe, and our course of treatment. Chronic BronchitisChronic Bronchitis is a component of COPD and is in the top six causes of deaths that occur in the United States; patients with COPD can exhibit symptoms early on but typically, these are masked until later in life, when repetitive respiratory damage has been done to the