Review for Final Exam Hist 3714Identifications: 36% (6% each):For each, explain in a few sentences who or what the term refers to and why the term is significant in the context of the history of the Holocaust and its aftermath.1.Displaced Persons– Refers to survivors remaining when the war ended, and who had nohome to which they could immediately return. Significance: Displaced PersonCamps were set up for these survivors; marriages and births within the DP camps peaked and the years 1946 to 1947 saw a Jewish ‘baby-boom’in occupied Germany. The Jewish displaced persons began new lives in their new homelands around the world.It was making a new life, which was probably most significant. 2.Wannsee Conference -Refers to a conference attended by high ranking Nazis, such as Heydrich and Eichmann. It was arranged to discuss the "Final Solution".Significance:The Wannsee Conference, did not mark the beginning of the "Final Solution." The mobile killing squads were already slaughtering Jews in the occupied Soviet Union. Rather, the Wannsee Conference was the place where the "final solution" was formally revealed to non-Nazi leaders who would help arrange for Jews to be transported from all over German-occupied Europe to SS-operated "extermination" camps in Poland. Not one of the men present at Wannsee objected to the announced policy.This meeting, received the full backing from the participants to carry out the systematic extermination of the European Jews. Never before had a modern state committed itself to the murder of an entire people.3.Marzahn internment camp –Refers to a camp set up for Romani people in the Berlin suburb of Marzahn by Nazi authorities. The Nazis used the Nuremberg Laws to arrest Romani Gypsies in Germany.Significance:The Nazis had decided that Roma had alien blood, they concluded that theywere of mixed blood. Romani individuals were also arrested as "asocials" or "habitual criminals" and sent to concentration camps.They all became subject to the Nazi policy ofpersecution and, later, mass murder. This is very significant because it’s how the Nazi’s where not only focusing on Jews, in regard to persecution and, later, mass murder. 4.Raphael Lemkin - invented the term “genocide, “by combining “genos” (race, people) and “cide” (to kill).Significance:On December 9, 1948, the United Nations adopted the Genocide Convention, which classified genocide as a crime under international law and incorporated many, though not all, of Lemkin’s ideas.committed the rest of his life to urging nations to pass legislation supporting the Convention.
5.Eichmann Trial - After World War II, Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann fled from Austria and made his way to Argentina where he lived under the name Ricardo Klement.