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Bui 1Bellina BuiBus 186Professor SanchezApril 22, 2018Ethics of CareIn the theory ethics of care, humans are seen as social creatures that need healthy relationships in order to be happy. The aspect of care is known to be the basic human ability to recognize and respond to other’s needs. A moral psychologist, Martin Hoffman, believes that the nature of caring and empathy is already instilled in humans since they were born. For example, newborns cry when they hear other babies cry and as they grow older children are motivated to help others that are in distress. In addition to that, as humans we have a natural tendency to put the needs of those who are closest to us first. One of the natural basis of care is having a moral perspective which allows us to do the right thing and recognize right from wrong. In caring, meta-virtue provides an organizing principle which includes honesty, courage and prudence. Honesty allows us tocare and be truthful to those we are helping. Courage allows us to stand up for someonethat is in need of help. Prudence allows us to prioritize our needs as well as others. As said earlier, the aspect of care requires us to respond to a variety of moral situations such as need, harm, past promises and role relationship. The need may not be
Bui 2said, but we should look out for it because sometimes people are scared to express theirneeds, due to the possibility of being disappointed. For ethics of care, promises can be broken if there is a potential of being harmful to others. Lastly, the role of responsibility requires us to respond in a certain way due to the obligations that the role entails. For example, teachers and doctors must respond to situations differently because their actions will affect a student or a patient’s life. Lastly, ethics of care has 4 central ideas which are moral attention, sympathetic understanding, relationship awareness, and harmony and accomodation. Moral attention is being fully aware of the details in a situation to allow a sympathetic response. Sympathetic understanding is about knowing what would be in the person’s best interest and understanding how to meet their needs. The understanding and attention to the interest of others is also known as maternalism. Relationship awareness is being aware of different types of relationships and how it connects humans to care and foster relationships. Lastly, accommodation and harmony which is broken down intotwo parts. Accommodation is about doing what is best for others as well as yourself. When doing what is best for others, we need to consider everyone that is involved in a situation and provide a sense of consideration within the process. This will eventually lead to a better chance of preserving the harmony within a relationship.