5 - Personality Assessment

5 - Personality Assessment - Personality Assessment...

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Personality Assessment 05/02/2007 19:56:00 Personality Assessment Personality is a hypothetical construct. Stable, enduring, consistent, and structured way individuals experience and  interact with the world. Important to help in description and prediction Unkown etiology: genetics vs. ingrained, learned patterns of behaviors vs.  both o Nature vs. nurture Zuckerman liked to look at psychobiology. o Through research, we have learned that the body of extraverts run  slower. Needs a lot more stimulation in order to reach homeostasis. o Introverts run faster. Don’t require as much outside stimulation  because they want to calm down. Personality, personality issues, mostly found in the DSM-IV TR in Axis II,  which is admittedly not comprehensive. TRAIT model: o Enduring characteristics of people o Consistent way of perceiving the self, the world, and other people o Consistent way of experiencing and managing one’s emotions o Consistent ways of behaving o Psychodynamically endorsed model o Tests assessing for personality traits based on psychoanalytic and  humanistic theories o Personality tests measure unconscious drives, ego defense  mechanisms, self-actualizing tendencies, and object relations. SITUATIONAL model
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o Consistency in behavior is due to consistency in situations o Based on behavioral theories o Personality tests are overt, direct measures of tendencies “The Big Five” – Five Factor Model of Personality o Based on statistical identification of intercorrelated dimensions/traits  vs. based on theory o Structure of personality can be identified by how large number of  people cluster in their responses to many different questionnaires o Factor analysis identifies statistical clusters in the answers o Five dimensions of personality: Neuroticism Emotional stability, ego strength Tendency to feel anxious, depressed, angry if they score  high in this factor Extraversion Measures assertiveness and sociability Tendency to be assertive, active, prefer to be with other  people if score high in this More physically and socially active  Prefer to be with other people Openness Inquiring intellect, curiosity People who score have a quality indicated by active  imagination, curiosity, receptiveness to many  experiences. Agreeableness Measures social adaptability and friendly compliance
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Social orientation People who score high have an orientation toward  positive, sympathetic, helpful interactions with others Conscientiousness Measures dependability and impulse control  People who score high have a tendency to be reliable  and persistent in pursuing goals
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course PSYC 361 taught by Professor Lau during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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5 - Personality Assessment - Personality Assessment...

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