Chapter 21 APUSH.docx - Chapter 21 Topic/Objective An...

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Chapter 21 Topic/Objective: An Emerging World Power 1890-1918 Essential Question(s): How did a revolution in technology create a new mass culture amid increasing cultural conflicts? (Key Concept 7.2) What debates arose over the United State’s increasingly dominant role in the world? (Key Concept 7.3) Vocabulary: From Expansion to Imperialism How have historians changed their view of early twentieth century American expansion? Stress continuities with foreign policies and the nation’s earlier expansion American Exceptionalism – The US had the unique destiny to foster democracy and civilization. Josiah Strong – Protestant minister whose teaching was to evangelize overseas. Alfred Mahan – Urged America to keep up Monroe Doctrine – Said the western hemisphere was advanced in colonization Foundations of Empire William Seward’s vision Create jobs and prosperity at home by exporting Fears that led the desire for oversea markets High employment leading to socialism or communism Our Country Predicted the spread of Anglo-Saxon’s The Influence of Sea Power upon History ; Alfred Mahan Urged America to invest in steel-plated battleships How did the Monroe Doctrine reassert America’s imperialist ideals? Labeled America as the dominant country in the western hemisphere “Remember the Maine” – National chant Teller Amendment – Disclaimed any intention of occupying Cuba The War of 1898 (Spanish-American War) How did yellow journalism lead to American calls for war against Spain? Fed a surge of nationalism, especially those feared industrialization from America “Manufacture manhood” Phrase meant to justify entering the war, meant masculinity Political and economic reasons for America’s interest in the Cuban rebellion Disrupted trade and destroyed American sugar plantations De Lome Letter Spanish ministers belittled McKinley “Remember the Maine” Chant prompted by a sunken US battle cruiser Why have historians changed the way they refer to the war? It ignores the central role of the Cuban revolutions Teller Amendment
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Disclaimed any intention of occupying Cuba Teddy Roosevelt’s role in the war Lieutenant colonial of an army regiment America’s first foothold in the Pacific Manila Bay How did America gain the Hawaiian islands?
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