Lab #5 Population Genetics and Evolution.docx - The Study...

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The Study of Population Genetics and Evolution By: Simran Mahmud Fall 2016 - M02L - General Biology I BIOL_110-M02L-2016 Professor Madhabi Barua The experiment was completed on: November 29, 2016 Introduction : The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium was a theory developed by two men named G.H. Hardy and
W. Weinberg that the change of the frequency of alleles in an entire population could explain evolution. The frequency of allele A is represented by the letter p in a diploid organism that has a gene loci that both have one of two alleles for a trait. The frequency of the a allele could be represented by the letter q. This is explained by an equation called the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium for the allele frequencies of a population-- which is p 2+ 2pq+ q 2 = 1. The a allele is represented by the letter q, where as the the A allele frequency is represented by P. Hardy and Weinberg also gave five conditions that would ensure the allele frequencies of a population would remain constant.

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